Soviet Union's flag
Toggle Menu

Soviet Union's T-44 Medium Tank

Photos

T-44 medium tank:
Soviet Union's T-44 medium tank
T-44 medium tank:
Soviet Union's T-44 medium tank
T-44 medium tank:
Soviet Union's T-44 medium tank

Design

The design bureau of A. A. Morosov developed a replacement for the T-34.2 Originally it was designed to have the 100 mm D-10 T tank gun, however, it was too large for the T-34/85 turret.2 It was then decided to install an 85 mm gun.2

Engine

The engine was installed traversely and this resulted in the length of the hull to be shorter and this in turn saved weight.2

Production

Entered production in 1945. Few models were built and most saw teething problems due to rushed development. Some of the later models had 100 mm guns installed.

  • T-44: 1945: 2001,2

Specifications

  T-44 Medium Tank
Crew 41,3,4,5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 70,350 lb
31 - 34 tons4, 31.4 tons3, 31.5 tons5, 34 tons1
34,545 kg1, 31,900 kg3
Length w/gun 25'4 OR 26.5'4, 25.1'5, 25' 1"3
7.65 m3
Length w/o gun 21' 4"1
6.5 m1
Height 7.85'4,5, 8'3, 8' 5.25", 8' 2"1
2.49 m1, 2.45 m3
Width 10.2'4,5, 10' 4"3, 10' 11.5", 10' 9"1
3.28 m1, 3.15 m3
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length 12.65'5
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main

85 mm 215-553 L/51.55
85 mm1,4
85 mm D-5T3

OR 100 mm1,4
Secondary  
MG 2 or 3: 7.62 mm DT MG
2: 7.62 mm MG1
2: 7.62 mm DT MG3
2: MG4
3: MG5
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 585
Secondary  
MG 1,8905
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 15 - 1204
1203
Hull Front, Upper 70 - 905, 80
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 755
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top 15 - 205
Hull Bottom 15 - 205
Turret Front 25 - 1205
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) V-2-443,5
Bore / stroke  
Cylinders 125, V-121
Net HP 5121,4,5
Power to weight ratio  
Transmission  
Fuel type Diesel1,4,5
Octane  
Fuel quantity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 31.7 mph3, 32 mph1,4,5
50 kph1, 51 kph3
Speed - Cross Country 25 mph
Range - Road 145 - 189 miles5, 186 miles3, 155 miles1
250 km1, 300 km3
Range - Cross Country 122 -155 miles5
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Torsion bar1
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 1' 7.8"5
Track centers/tread  
  T-44 Medium Tank Model 1945
Crew 42
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 31.9 tons
Length w/gun 7.65 m2
Length w/o gun 6.09 m2
Height 2.41 m2
Width 3.15 m2
Ground clearance 0.43 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.84 kp/cm2 2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 85 mm ZIS S-532
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.62 mm DT MG2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 902
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 752
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 30-902
Hull Top 15-202
Hull Bottom 15-202
Turret Front 90-1202
Turret Sides 752
Turret Rear 752
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) W-2-44 water cooled2
Bore / stroke 4 stroke2
Cylinders V-122
Net HP 520@2,000 rpm2
Power to weight ratio 16.6 hp/ton2
Transmission  
Fuel type  
Octane  
Fuel quantity 642 liters2
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 51 kph2
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 235 km2
Range - Cross Country  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 1.3 m2
Trench crossing 2.5 m2
Vertical Obstacle 1 m2
Climbing ability 32°2
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Russian Tanks of World War II Stalin's Armored Might, by Tim Bean & Will Fowler, 2002
  2. Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945, by Wolfgang Fleischer, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  4. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  5. Airfix Magazine Guide 22 Russian Tanks of World War 2, John Milsom and Steve Zaloga, 1977
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site

Find me here too:
feedburner rssfeed bloggerfacebook youtube Follow wwiivehicles on Twitter