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Soviet Union's T-34/76 Model 1942, T-34/76B, T-34/76C, T-34 06. 42. medium tank

Photos

T-34/76 Model 1942 Medium Tank:
Soviet Union's T-34/76 Model 1942
T-34/76 Models 1942 and Models 1943 with the Estonian 45th Uksik Tanki Polk, 8th Estonian Infantry Corps in May 1943.
Soviet Union's T-34/76 Medium Tank Models 1942 and Models 1943 with the Estonian 45th Uksik Tanki Polk
Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60165:
Dragon Armor 60165 T-34/76 Diecast Model

Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60166:
Dragon Armor 60166 T-34/76 Diecast Model
Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60208:
Soviet t-34/76 Mod 1942 Cast Turret Dragon 1/72 Diecast Model

Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60214:
Soviet t-34/76 Mod 1942 Cast Turret Dragon 1/72 Diecast Model
Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60224:
Dragon Armor 60224 T-34/76 Diecast Model

Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60237:
Dragon Diecast 1/72 Armor, 60237 Soviet T-34/76
Easy Models 1/72 model, 36264:

Design

There were three compartments, the driver's, fighting area, and the engine.5,8

Crew

The driver sat on the left with the hull gunner / radio operator on the right.5,8 The seats were padded with arms and the back rests folded but they weren't adjustable.5,8

The driver had his clutch pedal on the left, the foot brake in the center, and the accelerator on the right.5,8 The steering levers were on each side with the gear changing lever to the right.5,8 There were two vertically mounted episcopes in the access hatch.5 The optic glass was rather poor so visibility was poor when the door was closed.5,8

The hull gunner's machine gun was mounted on an armored hood with an internal ball.1,5,8 To the left of the seats were ammunition drums containing the ammunition for the machine gun.5,8 The company commander's tank contained radio equipment that was located to the right of the gunner in a pannier.5,8 In the floor in front of the hull gunner was an escape hatch.5,8

The commander/gunner sat on the left in the turret and the loader on the right with the breech between them.5,8 The seats had backrests and could be adjusted.5,8 There was a steel tube that went around the breech that had a canvas bag to catch the shells.5,8

The commander had a periscope in front of him to site the gun and a hand wheel to the left to traverse the turret.5,8 Unfortunately this forces many commanders to reach across their bodies with their right hands to operate it.5,8 There was a power traverse control on top of the motor casing on the gunner's left.5,8 There was a hand wheel that controlled the elevation of the gun to the right of the commander.5,8

Turret

The new turret for the T-34/76 Model 1942 weighed 4.32 tons.1 Its ring diameter was 4.6' / 1.38 m.1 The turret was cast hexagonal in shape and could hold two crew members.5,8 There were some rolled plates in the roof of the turret.5

At the rear of the turret was an armored plate that had a set of screws holding it in place.8 Some feel that it was intended to carry a machine gun in the rear of the turret but they were never installed or it may have been used to install the main gun.8

In the room was a large hatch that opened towards the front.5,8 When the hatch was open it not only exposed much of the interior of the T-34 but it forced the commander to peer around it to see.5,8

There were two episcopes in the side walls of the turret, one for the commander and the other for the loader.5,8 Below these were pistol ports.5,8 It was closed by a steel plug that had to have a hard blow to open.5 There was another pistol port in the rear wall of the turret, but typically, machine gun magazines blocked its use.5,8

A few models had a small hatch above the loader to be used for a signal flag.5,8

Most of the ports were not installed in later versions of the turret to simplify production.5

The seats were secured to the turret ring and rotated with the turret.5

Main Armament

The gun's breech mechanism was either hand or semi-automatically operated.5,8

There were four cast iron blocks (~168 lbs.) that were on the underside of the cradle to reduce muzzle heaviness, however, crews still reported muzzle heaviness when in use.5,8

The 76.2 mm gun could be fired by foot or by hand.5,8

Machine Guns

The 7.62 mm MG was designed by V. A. Degtyarev in the 1930s.5,8 The machine gun was gas operated and had a drum type magazine that could hold 63 rounds.5,8 The DT MG could fire about 600 rounds a minute at a sighted range of 1,000 m.5,8 The machine gun could be removed from the tank and used as there was a bipod included in storage.5,8

Suspension

The suspension was derived from the original Christie design with the wheels independently sprung.5,8 The tracks had guide horns which ran between the pairs of wheels and this made it so no return rollers were needed.5,8

On the leading wheels there were two coil springs and these were housed inside the hull plates.5,8

The track pins were rounded on the inside facing side.5,8 This allowed for no retention device being need to keep them in place as there was a plate at the rear hull of the tank that when the pins started to work their way out, they would hit against the plate and be driven back in.5,8

Towing

There were two towing / lifting hooks welded to the front plate.5 There were two towing eyes near the bottom of the rear hull.5 There were usually two towing cables attached to the hull.5

Other Improvements

Some models had a commander's cupola added.5 A few had welded turrets.5 There were also improvements in the range, air filters, transmission, and in the techniques to produce them.5

Variants

  • T-34/76C: Turret larger with two hatches in the roof.7

Specifications

  T-34/76B, T-34/76 C, T-34/76 1942
Crew Commander/gunner, loader, driver, hull gunner/radio operator5,8
42,3,4,5,8
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 26.3 tons1, 27 tons5,8, 28.5 tons2, 30 tons6, 30.2 tons4, 30.9 tons3
31,390 kg3, 26,720 kg1
Length w/gun

20' 3"1, 21.6', 21' 7"3,5,8, 24.65'4
6.1 m, 6.19 m1, 6.58 m3

Length w/o gun 19' 11"5,8, 20'3
5.92 m, 6.09 m3, 6.1 m2
Height 7' 10"1, 8'4,5,8, 8.45', 8' 5"3
2.39 m1, 2.45 m2, 2.57 m3
Width 9' 7"1, 9.8'4, 9' 9"3, 9' 10"5,8
2.92 m1, 2.98 m3, 3 m
Width over tracks 9' 6"5,8
Ground clearance 1' 4"5,8
0.4 m2
Ground contact length 12.2'4
Ground pressure 9.1 psi5,8, 10 psi
0.64 kg/cm2, 0.68 kg/(cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 76.2 mm F-34 1942 L/41.23
76.2 mm1,2
76.2 mm L/41.24,5,8
Secondary  
MG 1: 7.62 mm MG4
2: 7.62 mm DT MG2
2: 7.62 mm MG1
MG - coaxial 1: 7.62 mm Degtaryev DT MG3,5,8
MG - hull 1: 7.62 mm Degtaryev DT MG3,5,8
Side arms Hand grenades, Pistols8
Quantity  
Main 454, 76, 771,8
19 AP: BR-350A1
53 HE: F-354 or OF-3501
5 Canister: SH-3501
77 (AP, HE, Shrapnel)5, 1002
Secondary  
MG 2,000 - 3,0005,8, 2,3944, 2,400, 3,150-3,6002
Side arms Hand grenades: 205,8
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 47 @ 60°5,8
473, 602,4
Hull Front, Lower 45 @ 60°5,8
Hull Sides, Upper 40-452,4
45 @ 41°5,8
Hull Sides, Lower 47 @ 90°5,8
Hull Rear 20 @ 90°5,8, 452
Hull Top 15 - 20, 18 - 224, 19, 201,5 , 20@90
Hull Bottom 15 - 202, 18 - 224
Turret Front 20 - 704, 602, 653,5,8
Mantlet: 20-46 curved5,8
Turret Sides 522, 655,8
Turret Rear 30@90°5,8, 47, 522
Turret Top 15 @ 85°5,8, 162, 19
Engine (Make / Model) V25,8, V-2-344, W-2-342,3
Bore / stroke 4 stroke2
Cooling Water5,8
Cylinders 124, V-122,5
Capacity 38.9 liters5,8
Net HP 5004, 500@1,800 rpm2,5,8
Power to weight ratio 17.5 hp/ton2, 17.9 bhp/ton5,8
Compression ratio 15:1 articulated rods5,8, 15.8:1 master rods5,8
Transmission (Type) Dry multi-plate main clutch, mechanical gearbox
4 forward, 1 reverse5,8
Steering Clutch and brake5,8
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system 24 volt starter5,8
12 volt lighting5,8
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel4,5,8
Quantity 135 gallons5,8, 177 gallons; 2 fuel tanks: 45 liter each, 11.8 gallons each
540 liters2, 673 liters
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°5,8, electric or hand5,8
24°/sec
Speed - Road 25 mph3, 30 mph4,6, 31 mph1, 32 mph5,8
40 kph3, 53 kph2, 50 kph1
Speed - Cross Country 25 mph5,8
40 kph
Range - Road 170 - 260 miles4, 190 miles1, 268 miles3, 270 miles, 280 miles5,8
300 km1, 400 km2, 432 km3
Range - Cross Country 120 - 220 miles4, 228 miles3
368 km3
Turning radius 25'5,8
Elevation limits -3° to + 30°8
Fording depth 4.3', 4' 6"5,8
1.12 m, 1.31 m
Trench crossing 8.2', 9' 8"5,8
Vertical obstacle 2' 4"5,8
0.9 m2
Climbing ability 35°2,5,8
Suspension (Type) Christie5,8, coil springs5,8
Wheels each side 5 pairs5, rubber tired5
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type) Cast manganese steel5,8
Length  
Width 1' 7 "5,8, 1' 7.1"4
Diameter  
Number of links 725,8
Pitch 6 7/8"5,8
Tire tread Rubber5
Track centers/tread 8' 1"5,8
Track contact 12' 2"5,8

Sources:

  1. Russian Tanks of World War II Stalin's Armored Might, by Tim Bean & Will Fowler, 2002
  2. Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945, by Wolfgang Fleischer, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  4. Airfix Magazine Guide 22 Russian Tanks of World War 2, John Milsom and Steve Zaloga, 1977
  5. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  6. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  7. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  8. Profile AFV Weapons, #47, Russian T34, by J. M. Brereton, Major Michael Norman, RTR, 1972
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