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Soviet Union's BA-6 armored cars

Photos

BA-6 armored car:
Soviet Union's BA-6 armored car
BA-6 armored car:
Soviet Union's BA-6 armored car
BA-6 armored car captured by the Germans:
Soviet Union's BA-6 armored car captured by the Germans
BA-6M armored car:
Soviet Union's BA-6M armored car

Design

The BA-6 armored car was the replacement for the BA-3.1 The BA-6 was 2,205 lb / 1,000 kg lighter and the suspension was stronger.1

The BA-6 body was constructed from riveted and welded2 construction on a shortened GAZ AAA chassis.1

Rear Wheels

A track could be placed over the rear sets of dual wheels which would turn it into a form of half track.1 This allowed for the BA-6 to have better cross country abilities.1

Turret

The BA-6 shared the same turret as the T-26 light tank.1,2 A few had the turret of the BT-3.2 The BA-6 had a periscope in the turret roof for the commander.2

Production

  • BA-6: 3661
  • BA-6M: 201
  • Total: 3861

Variants

  • BA-6: Developed in 1935.1
  • BA-6 Railway Model, BA-6 Sh.d: Had hydraulic jacks mounted in the front and rear that would lift the vehicle so that railway wheels could be installed.1 The wheels would be installed over the tires.1 Took 30 minutes to switch wheel modes.1
  • BA-6M: Developed in 1936.1 The engine used was the GAZ M1.1 Turret was all welded.1 Only 50 rounds carried.1 There was a 71-TK-1 radio.1
  • BAZ, Amfibyi: Amphibious version.2 Had a boat shapped hull with two sponsons in front.2 Propelled in the water by two brass 15" propellars.2

Usage

Turkey purchased some of the BA-6s.2

Spanish Civil War

The BA-6 was first used in combat during the Spanish Civil War.1,2

Russian-Chinese Border

Many of the BA-6s were stationed on the Russian-Chinese border and used against the Japanese.1

By 1945 none were still in service.1

Specifications

  BA-6
Crew 41,2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 5 tons1, 7 tons2
5,080 kg1
Length 15.4'2, 16' 1"1
4.9 m1
Height 7.22'2, 7' 9"1
2.36 m1
Width 6.56'2, 6' 9"1
2.07 m1
Ground clearance 8.6"2
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 37 mm2
1: 45 mm M-19321
OR 1: 45 mm2
Secondary  
MG 1: 0.3" DT MG1
1: 7.62 mm DT MG1
MG - coaxial 1: 0.3" MG1
1: 7.62 mm MG1
1: 7.62 mm DTMG2
MG - hull 1: 7.62 mm DTMG2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 37: 492
45: 492, 601
Secondary  
MG 2,0002
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8 - 152, 91
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) GAZ AA1
GAZ-M12
Cylinders 41,2
Net HP 401, 50@2,800 rpm2
Cooling Water2
Transmission  
Fuel Gasoline1
Octane  
Quantity 52 gallons2
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 27 mph1, 35 mph2
43 kph1
Speed - Cross Country  
Speed - Water  
Range - Road 160 miles2
Range - Cross Country 124 miles1
200 km1
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Tires 62
  BAZ
Crew 42
Commander, machine gunners (2), driver2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 7 tons2
Length 21.3'2
Height 7.2'2
Width 6.9'2
Ground clearance 8.5"2
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 37 mm2
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.62 mm DTMG2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 492
Secondary  
MG 3,0002
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 6 - 142
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) GAZ-M12
Cylinders 42
Net HP 50@2,800 rpm2
Cooling Water2
Transmission  
Fuel  
Octane  
Quantity 52 gallons2
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 35 mph2
Speed - Cross Country  
Speed - Water 6.5 mph2
Range - Road 160 miles2
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Tires 62

Sources:

  1. World Encyclopedia of Armored Fighting Vehicles, Jack Livesey, 2006
  2. Profile AFV Weapons #60, Russian Armoured Cars (to 1945), John F. Milsom, 1973
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site

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