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Soviet Union's BA-10 armored cars

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BA-10 armored car:
Soviet Union's BA-10 armored car

BA-10 armored car with a Reconnaissance Battalion at Schlüsselburg in February 1943
Soviet Union's BA-10 armored car with a Reconnaissance Battalion at Schluüsselburg in February 1943
BA-10 armored car:
Soviet Union's BA-10 Armored Car

BA-10 armored car:
Soviet Union's BA-10 Armored Car
BA-10 armored car:
Soviet Union's BA-10 Armored Car
BA-10 armored car:
Soviet Union's BA-10 Armored Car
BA-10M armored car:
Soviet Union's BA-10M Armored Car

Design

In 1938 a modernization program for Soviet armored vehicles was put in place.3 The initial design work for the BA-10 had already started but development increased.3

Early versions had 37 mm or a 12.7 mm DShK machine gun as main armament.2

Tracks or chains could be placed over the pair of wheels on each side to help with traction in mud and snow.2,4 The spare wheels were placed so that they could help when an obstacle had to be gone over.2

Turret

After 1942 some had turrets removed and used as personnel carriers.

The BA-10 used a T-30 round welded turret.4

Crew

The driver and front machine gunner (radio operator4) were in the middle of the body.3

The BA-10's commander and gunner were in the turret.3

Chassis

It used the chassis of the GAZ-AAA 6 wheeled truck.2,3,4,5 The chassis of the BA-10 was shortened and strengthened to handle the weight of the armor.2,3,5 The body was all welded.3

Engine

The engine was located at the front of the BA-10.2,3

Prototype

The first BA-10 prototype appeared in 1932.2

Production

  • BA-10:
    • Production started in 19383
  • BA-10M: 3313
    • Production started in 19393
  • Total: 1,2002, 1,4003
  • Manufacturer: Gorki automobile plant2
    • Body manufactured at: Izhorskly plant3

Variants

  • BA-10: Used same turret at BA-6.3
  • BA-10M, BA-32: Armor increased.3 Improved main gun.3 Sights were better.3 External fuel tanks mounted over the rear wheels.3 Used the turret of the T-26B.2
  • BAZ: Prototypes only and first appeared in 1932.2 Was amphibious.2

Usage

Great Patriotic War

Approximately 1,200 vehicles of this series were available in June 1941.

Many were captured and used by the Finnish and Germans.3

Other Duties

Around late 1942, many of the remaining BA-10s were withdrawn from front line service to be turned into personnel carriers with the turret removed and the interior stripped bare.2,5

German Captured Use

  • Panzerspähwagen BAF 203(r): Many were used in Balkans and the Soviet Union.2,5

 

Specifications

  BA-10
Crew Commander, gunner, front gunner, driver3
41,2,3,5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 16,500 lb5
5,080 kg3, 5,100 kg1, 7,500 kg5
5 tons1,3, 5.2 tons4
Length 14' 9"3, 15' 5"1,5
4.7 m1,3,5
Height 7' 11"1,3, 7' 11.25"5
2.42 m1,3,5
Width 6' 7"3, 6' 10"1, 6' 10.5"5
2.09 m1,3,5
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 45 mm1,4,5
1: 45 mm M-19343
OR 1: 37 mm5
Secondary  
MG 1: 7.62 mm MG1,5
MG - coaxial 1: 0.3" DT MG3
1: 7.62 mm DT MG3,4
MG - hull DT MG3
1: 0.3" DT MG3
1: 7.62 mm DT MG3,4
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 433
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 104, 153, 255
Hull Front, Upper 10, 161
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front 61
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) GAZ M11,3,5
Cylinders 41,4,5
Cooling Water5
Net HP 504, 523, 855, 50@2,800 rpm1
Transmission (type)  
Fuel (type) Gasoline1,3
Octane  
Quantity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 53 mph4, 54 mph1,5
87 kph1,5
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 185 miles4, 186 miles3, 199 miles1,5
300 km3, 320 km1,5
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 1' 11"5
0.6 m5
Trench crossing 1' 7"5
0.5 m5
Vertical Obstacle 1' 3"5
0.38 m5
Suspension (Type)  
Tires 6
  BA-10 M
Crew 42,4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 11,872 lb
5.3 tons4
Length 15.4'4, 15' 5"2
4.7 m2
Height 7.94'4, 7' 11.25"2
2.42 m2
Width 6.88'4, 6' 10.5"2
2.09 m2
Ground clearance 10"4
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 45 mm L/464
Secondary  
MG  
MG - coaxial 1: 7.62 mm MG4
MG - hull 1: 7.62 mm MG4
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 404
Secondary  
MG 2,0004
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 11 - 144
Hull Front, Upper 14
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom 11
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) GAZ-M-12,4
Cylinders 42,4
Cooling Water2,4
Net HP 852, 85@3,000 rpm4
Transmission (type)  
Fuel (type)  
Octane  
Quantity 51 gallons4
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 54 mph2,4
87 kph2
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 199 miles2, 200 miles4
320 km2
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Tires 6 pneumatic4

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  3. World Encyclopedia of Armored Fighting Vehicles, Jack Livesey, 2006
  4. Profile AFV Weapons #60, Russian Armoured Cars (to 1945), John F. Milsom, 1973
  5. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
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