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United States' T29, T30, T32, and T34 heavy tanks

Photos

T29E3 heavy tank at the Patton Museum in Ft. Knox, Kentucky:
United States' T29E3 heavy tank at the Patton Museum in Ft. Knox, Kentucky
Chris Bobo
T29E3 heavy tank at the Patton Museum in Ft. Knox, Kentucky:
United States' T29E3 heavy tank at the Patton Museum in Ft. Knox, Kentucky
Chris Bobo
T29E3 heavy tank at the Patton Museum in Ft. Knox, Kentucky:
United States' T29E3 heavy tank at the Patton Museum in Ft. Knox, Kentucky
Chris Bobo
T29E3 heavy tank at the Patton Museum in Ft. Knox, Kentucky:
United States' T29E3 heavy tank at the Patton Museum in Ft. Knox, Kentucky
Chris Bobo

Design

Was designed to couter the German King Tiger.1 Pilot models were ordered in 1944 and were finished in early 1945.1 Production was authorized, but the Army Ground Forces didn't want such a large tank.1 There were 6 pilots that were delivered in 1947.1

Had basic hull design of T26E3.1 Driver used a joystick and foot-pedal for breaking.1 There were 2 loaders for the 105 mm gun.1

Production

  • T29: 61

Variants

  • T30 Heavy Tank: Designed at same time as the T29.1 Pilot models started constructing in April 1945 and were delivered in 1947.1 The 155 mm fired 2 piece (shell and charge) ammunition.1 The loader was helped by a powered rammer.1
  • T32 Heavy Tank: Was based on the M26, but with more armor.1 4 pilot models were made in 1945 and 1946.1 Counterweight added to rear of turret.1 The hull front was welded.1

Specifications

  T29
Crew 61,2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 139,000 lb2
62 tons1
63,050 kg1
Length 25'1,2
7.62 m1
Height 10' 7"1,2
3.23 m1
Width 12' 6"1,2
3.81 m1
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 105 mm2
105 mm T5E21
Secondary  
MG 4: MG2
2: 12.7 mm (.50 cal) MG1
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 2" - 4"2
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Ford GAC1,2
Transmission Cross-Drive1
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 22 mph1,2
34 kph1
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 8x21
Return rollers each side 61
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  
  T30
Crew 61,2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 145,000 lb2
106 tons1
108,112 kg1
Length 24' 2 9/16"2, 25'1
7.62 m1
Height 10' 6 7/8"2, 10' 7"1
3.23 m1
Width 12' 6"1,2
3.81 m1
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 155 mm2
155 mm T71
Secondary  
MG 3: MG2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 2" - 4"2
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Continental AV-1790-31,2
Transmission  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 17 mph1, 22 mph2
27 kph1
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  
  T32
Crew 51,2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 120,000 lb2
53.6 tons1
54,432 kg1
Length 25' 2 3/8"2, 23' 3"1
7.07 m1
Height 9' 1"1
2.78 m1
Width 11' 6"1, 12' 4.25"2
3.51 m1
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 90 mm2
90 mm T15E11
Secondary  
MG 3: MG2
12.7 mm (.50 cal) MG1
2: 7.62 mm (.30 cal) MG1
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 2031
2" - 5"2
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Ford GAC1,2
Transmission Cross-Drive1
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 22 mph1,2
36 kph1
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 7x21
Return rollers each side 61
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  
  T34
Crew 62
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 141,000 lb2
Length 24' 2 9/16"2
Height 10' 6 7/8"2
Width 12' 6"2
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 120 mm2
Secondary  
MG 3: MG2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 2" - 4"2
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Continental AV-1790-32
Transmission  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 22 mph2
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site