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United States' Waco CG-4A Hadrian transport, Waco CG-13A transport glider

Photos

Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider

Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider

Waco CG-4 Hadrian destroyed by landing in what was called Rommel's Asparagus:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian destroyed by landing in what was called Rommel's Asparagus
PhotosNormandie's photostream
Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider
PhotosNormandie's photostream

Waco CG-4 Hadrian flown by the 438th TCG with passengers from the 32nd Reconnaissance Platoon:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian flown by the 438th TCG with passengers from the 32nd Reconnaissance Platoon
PhotosNormandie's photostream

Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider with a Griswold nose:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider with a Griswold nose
PhotosNormandie's photostream
Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider


Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider

Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider


Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider

Waco CG-4A Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4A Hadrian glider
Waco CG-4A Hadrian gliders being towed by C-47 Skytrains:
United States' Waco CG-4A Hadrian gliders being towed by C-47 Skytrains
Waco CG-13 glider:
United States' Waco CG-4A Hadrian glider
Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider
Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider

Design

The Waco CG-4A was designed to meet a 1941 requirement.1

Wings

The wood wings were covered by fabric.1

Fuselage

The fuselage was welded steel tubing covered by fabric.1

Nose

The nose had a hinge which allowed it to be raised up for loading.1

Flying Controls

There were spoilers that were used in the place of flaps.1 There were two sets of controls.1

Cargo

The Hadrian could carry 15 troops or loads that could include a jeep, 1/4 ton truck, or a 75 mm howitzer.1

Prototype

The XCG-4 prototype competed against the Bowlus XCG-8.1

Production

Initial order for the CG-13A numbered 400 but with the progress of the war and the availability of other gliders actual production was much less.2

  • Waco CG-4A: 13,9061
    • Manufacturer: Babcock (60)1, Cessna (750)1, Commonwealth (1,470)1, Ford (4,190)1, G and A Aircraft (627)1, General (1,112)1, Gibson Refrigerator (1,078)1, Laister-Kaufman (310)1, National (1)1, Northwestern (1,510)1, Pratt & Read (956)1, Ridgefield Manufacturing (156)1, Robertson (170)1, Timm (434)1, Ward Furniture (7)1, Waco (1,075)1
  • Total: 13,9101
    • Production: 1942 - late 19441
  • Waco CG-13A: 1322
    • Manufacturer: Waco Aircraft Company2, Ford (85)2, Northwest (47)2
  • Waco CG-15A: 4291

Variants

  • Waco XCG-4: Prototype.1
  • Waco CG-4A: Main production version.1
  • Waco CG-13A: Same basic structure as the CG-4 but larger to carry more troops.2
  • Waco CG-15A: Wing span reduced.1 Undercarriage redesigned.1

Usage

The Waco CG-4A was used by Britain, Canada, and the United States.1

Husky

The CG-4A was first used in the invasion of Sicily in July 1943.1

Normandy

In the June 1944 landings at Normandy the Allies used many CG-4As.1

Specifications

  Waco CG-4A Hadrian1
Type Assault and transport glider1
Crew 21
Engine (Type) None1
Dimensions  
Span 83' 8"1
25.5 m1
Length 48' 4'1
14.73 m1
Height 12' 7"1
3.83 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 3,750 lb1
1,701 kg1
Loaded 7,500 lb1
3,402 kg1
Maximum load 9,000 lb1
4,082 kg1
Performance  
Towing speed 125 mph1
201 kph1
Maximum towing speed 150 mph1
241 kph1
Stall speed 44 mph1
71 kph1
Passengers 151
OR  
Cargo 3,800 lb1
1,724 kg1
  Waco CG-13A2
Type Transport glider2
Crew 22
Engine (Type)  
Dimensions  
Span 85' 8"2
Length 54' 4"2
Height 20' 3"2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 18,900 lb2
Maximum load  
Performance  
Towing speed  
Maximum towing speed 190 mph2
Stall speed  
Passengers 422

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site

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