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United States' Republic P-43 Lancer fighter

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Republic YP-43 Lancer fighter:
United States' Republic YP-43 Lancer fighter
Republic P-43 Lancer fighter:
United States' Republic P-43 Lancer fighter
Republic P-43 Lancer fighter:
United States' Republic P-43 Lancer fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Republic P-43 Lancer fighter:
United States' Republic P-43 Lancer fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Design

The Republic P-43 Lancer was a descendent of the Seversky P-35 fighter.1 A turbo charged engine was added, plus some additional changes, to the last P-35 off the production line that created the XP-41 prototype.1

Undercarriage

The undercarriage retracted inwards towards the center of the plane.1

Prototype

In May 1939 the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) ordered 13 evaluation (YP-43) aircraft after the successful evaluation of the XP-41.1

The first YP-43 flew in September 1940.1

Production

Starting in May 1941 deliveries of the P-43 began.1

  • Republic XP-41: 11
  • Republic YP-43: 131
  • Republic P-43: 541
  • Republic P-43A: 801
  • Republic P-43A-1: 1251
  • Republic P-43B: Conversions to reconnaissance aircraft.1 Had cameras installed in the rear fuselage.1
  • Republic P-43C: Conversions to reconnaissance aircraft.1
  • Republic P-43D: Conversions to reconnaissance aircraft.1
  • Republic P-43E: Conversions to reconnaissance aircraft.1
  • Total: 2722, 2731

Variants

  • Republic XP-41: Prototype.1
  • Republic YP-43:
  • Republic P-43:
  • Republic P-43A:
  • Republic P-43A-1: Had self sealing fuel tanks.1 Was to be sent to China under Lend-Lease.1
  • Republic P-44: Had a Pratt & Whitney R-2180 turbo charged engine installed (1,400 HP).1 Development was cancelled.1

Usage

Australia, China, and the United States used the P-43.1

China

China received 51 / 1032 of the P-43A-1s.1 These had problems with the turbochargers and self sealing fuel tanks.1

Australia

The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) received eight P-43s in 1942 to be used as photo reconnaissance aircraft.1 Six of these survived to be turned over to the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) in 1943.1

Specifications

  Republic P-43 Lancer
Type Fighter1,3
Crew 11
Engine (Type) 1: Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp3
1: Pratt & Whitney R-1830-351
Cylinders Radial3, Radial 141
Cooling  
HP 1,1003, 1,2001
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span 36'1,3
10.97 m1
Length 27' 6"3, 28' 6"1
8.69 m1
Height 10' 2"3, 14'1
4.27 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Normal load 7,100 lb3
Performance  
Speed 375 mph3
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range 520 miles3
Armament 2: 0.5" MG1
2: 0.3" MG1
Bombs 200 lb1
91 kg1
Fuselage 2: MG3
Wings 6: MG3
  Republic P-43A Lancer
Type Fighter1,2
Crew 11,2
Engine (Type) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-49 Twin Wasp1,2
Cylinders Radial 141,2
Cooling Air2
HP 1,2001,2
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span 36'2
Length 28' 6"2
Height 14'2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Normal load 7,935 lb2
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 25,000' 349 mph2
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling 38,000'2
Range 800 miles2
Armament 2: 0.5" MG1
2: 0.3" MG1
4: MG2
  Republic P-43A-1 Lancer
Type Fighter1
Crew 11
Engine (Type) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-571
Cylinders Radial 141
Cooling  
HP 1,2001
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 5,996 lb1
2,720 kg1
Normal load 7,936 lb1
3,600 kg1
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 20,000' /
6,096 m
356 mph1
573 kph1
Speed @ 25,000'  
Cruising speed 280 mph1
450 kph1
Climb 2,850'/minute1
869 m/minute1
Climb to 15,000' /
4,572 m
6 minutes1
Service ceiling 36,000'1
10,970 m1
Range 800 miles1
1,287 km1
Armament 4: 0.5" MG1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site

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