United States' FlagUnited States' Army Air Corps aircraft marking
Toggle Menu

United States' Vultee A-35 Vengeance dive bomber

Photos

Vultee Vengeance A-35B:
United States' Vultee Vengeance A-35B
Vultee Vengeance in Karachi:
United States' Vultee Vengeance in Karachi
Vultee Vengeance Mk I dive bomber:
United States' Vultee Vengeance Mk I dive bomber
Vultee Vengeance Mk II dive bomber:
United States' Vultee Vengeance Mk II dive bomber
Vultee Vengeance Mk II dive bomber at Boscombe Down:
United States' Vultee Vengeance Mk II dive bomber at Boscombe Down
Vultee Vengeance, RAAF Squadron 24, Markham Valley, February 25, 1944:
United States' Vultee Vengeance, RAAF Squadron 24, Markham Valley, February 25, 1944
Vultee A-35 Vengeance dive bomber:
United States' Vultee A-35 Vengeance dive bomber

Design

As a result of the success of the Junkers Ju 87 in the Spanish Civil War Britain wanted a dive bomber for the Royal Air Force (RAF).1,2

Prototype

The Vultee prototype first flew in March 19413 / July 1941.1

Production

In 1940 700 Vultee V-72s were ordered by the British.1,3 600 more were added to Great Britain's order in June 1941.3

  • Vultee A-31 / Vultee Vengeance Mk I: 4001
  • Vultee A-31 / Vultee Vengeance Mk IA: 2001
  • Vultee V-72 / Vultee Vengeance Mk II: 3001
  • Vultee A-31 / Vultee Vengeance Mk III: 1001
  • Vultee A-35A: 1001
  • Vultee A-35B / Vultee Vengeance Mk IV: 8311
  • Total: 1,5282, 1,9311,3
    • Manufacturer: Vultee Aircraft Inc.1,2,3, Northrop1,3
    • Manufacturing Locations: Nashville, Tennessee3; Hawthorne, California3

Variants

  • Vultee V-72:
  • Vultee A-31: First version of the Vengeance.2 Later changed to A-35.2
  • Vultee A-35A: Machine guns upgraded to .50 cal.3
  • Vultee A-35B: More horsepower.3 Bomb load increased.3
  • Vultee XA-31A/B: Engine test aircraft for the B-29's engine, the Wright R-3350.1
  • Vultee YA-31C: Engine test aircraft for the B-29's engine, the Wright R-3350.1

Usage

The Vultee Vengeance was used by Australia (342), Brazil (29), Britain (1,2052 / 1,220), India(~30), and the United States (3232).1

Unkind Words

In 1943 a United States Army Air Force (USAAF) General stated that the Vengeance was "a shining example of waste of material, manpower, and time.1,2

Britain

Britain started to receive deliveries of the V-72 in late 1942.1 They were used in Burma from March 1943 to June 1944.3

Great Britain received a total of 1,205 Vengeances.3

Australia

The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) had five squadrons equipped with Vengeances operating in New Guinea.1 After it was discovered the Vengeance was unstable they were converted to communication and target tug aircraft.1

United States

The USAAF received 99 A-35s and 2243 / 243 of the Vengeance Mk IIs that were diverted from Britain's order.1 These too eventually became target tugs.1,2

These were soon relegated to utilitarian duties as the P-47 and A-36 were coming available.3

Specifications

  Vultee Vengeance1
Type Dive bomber1
Crew 21
Engine (Type)  
Cylinders  
Cooling  
HP  
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 48'1
14.63 m1
Length 39' 9"1
12.11 m1
Height 15' 4"1
4.67 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Maximum range  
Armament  
  Vultee Vengeance A-311
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) Wright R-2600-19 Cyclone1
Cylinders Radial 141
Cooling  
HP 1,6001
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 14,300 lb1
6,486 kg1
Performance  
Speed @ 13,500' /
4,115 m
 
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament  
Wings 4: 0.303" MG1
Rear cockpit 2: 0.303" MG1
Bombs 2,000 lb1
907 kg1
  Vultee Vengeance A-35A1,2
Type Bomber2
Crew 22
Engine (Type) Wright R-2600-13 Cyclone2, Wright R-2600-19 Cyclone1
Cylinders Radial 141,2
Cooling Air2
HP 1,6001, 1,7002
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span 48'2
Length 39' 9"2
Height 15' 4"2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 16,400 lb2
Performance  
Speed @ 13,500' /
4,115 m
279 mph2
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling 22,300'2
Range 2,300 miles2
Armament 5: MG2
Wings 4: 0.5" MG1
Rear cockpit 1: 0.5" MG1
Bombs 2,000 lb2
  Vultee Vengeance A-35B
Type Dive Bomber3
Crew 23
Engine (Type) Wright R-2600-13 Cyclone1
Wright R-2600-13 Twin Cyclone3
Cylinders Radial 141,3
Cooling Air3
HP 1,7001,3
Propeller blades 31, 3 constant speed3
Dimensions  
Span 48'3
Length 39' 9"3
Height  
Wing area 332'2 3
Weight  
Empty 10,300 lb1,3
4,672 kg1
Loaded 16,400 lb1,3
7,439 kg1
Performance  
Speed @ 13,500' /
4,115 m
279 mph1,3
449 kph1
Cruising speed 230 mph1,3
370 kph1
Climb 1,200'/minute1
366 m/minute1
Climb to 15,000' /
4,570 m
11.3 minutes1
Service ceiling 22,300'1,3
6,800 m1
Range 600 miles1
965 kph1
Range - loaded 550 miles3
Range - max 2,300 miles1,3
3,700 km1
Armament  
Wings 6: 0.5" MG1
6: .50 cal MG3
Rear cockpit 1: .50 cal MG3
Bombs - internal 1,000 lb3
Bombs - wing 500 lb3

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. American Attack Aircraft Since 1926, E. R. Johnson, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site

Find me here too:
feedburner rssfeed bloggerfacebook youtube Follow wwiivehicles on Twitter