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United States' Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber, Lockheed PV-1 / B-34 Ventura bomber

Photos

Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber with the RAF:
United States' Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber with the RAF
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber:
United States' Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber


Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber:
United States' Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber
Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber:
United States' Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber:
United States' Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber
Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber:
United States' Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber


Lockheed B-34 Ventura bomber:
United States' Lockheed B-34 Ventura bomber
Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber:
United States' Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber


Lockheed B-34 Ventura bomber in December 1945:
United States' Lockheed B-34 Ventura bomber in December 1945
Lockheed Ventura Mk II bomber:
United States' Lockheed Ventura Mk II bomber
Lockheed Ventura Mk II bomber in 1953:
United States' Lockheed Ventura Mk II bomber in 1953
Lockheed Ventura Mk II bomber with the Cuban Air Force:
United States' Lockheed Ventura Mk II bomber with the Cuban Air Force
Lockheed Ventura GR Mk V bomber with the South African Air Force (SAAF):
United States' Lockheed Ventura GR Mk V bomber with the South African Air Force (SAAF)
Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber:
United States' Lockheed PV-1 Ventura bomber

Design

Lockheed proposed to the British Air Ministry to modify the Lodestar to make a replacement for the Hudson and the Blemheim.1,2,5

The Ventura was to have a larger bomb load than the Hudson.1

Prototype

The Ventura I prototype first flew on July 31, 1941.2,3

In September 1942 the first B-37 flew.5

Production

Britain placed an order for 4003 / 675 in 1940.2 Deliveries of the Ventura I started in June 1942.2

  • Lockheed B-34A: 8935
    • Manufacturer: Vega Division of Lockheed5
      Manufacturing location: Burbank, California5
  • Lockheed B-37: 185
  • Lockheed PV-1: 1,6002,5
  • Total: 2,4752
    • Manufacturer: Lockheed Aircraft Company3

Variants

  • Lockheed-Vega 37: Lockheed's designation.4
  • Lockheed B-34 Lexington, Ventura Mk II: USAAF designation for the maritime patrol version.1,2,3
  • Lockheed B-34A, Ventura Mk II:
  • Lockheed B-37 Lexington: USAAF designation for the maritime patrol version.1,2 Had Wright R-2600 Cyclone engines (1,700 HP).2,5
  • Lockheed GR.I: RAF Coastal Command designation.2
  • Lockheed GR.V: RAF Coastal Command designation.2
  • Lockheed PV-1, Ventura V: Solid nose.2 Used in Pacific starting in late 1942.2,3 United States navy received 888.5 British and Commonwealth air forces received 712.5
  • Lockheed PV-1 ??: Marine Corps night fighter with 6 forward firing guns and British AI radar.1,2
  • Lockheed PV-1P: Photo reconnaissance.2
  • Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon: Increased range and load carrying.1 Saw limited used and were phased out of the United States Navy in 1948.1
  • Lockheed PV-3: British constructed Ventura II2 / PV-1s built under contract.1 27 of these were taken over by the United States Navy and used as patrol planes.5
  • Lockheed Ventura I: Had two Pratt & Whitney R-2800-S1A4G Double Wasp radial 18 engines (1,850 HP).2
  • Lockheed Ventura II: Had two Pratt & Whitney R-2800-31 engines.2
  • Lockheed Ventura Mk IIA: Lend-Lease supplied.2

Usage

Australia1,2, Britain 1,2, Canada2, France2, New Zealand (139)1,2, South Africa (207)1,2, and the United States2 used the Ventura.

United Kingdom

Initially used, unsuccessfully, as a light bomber in the RAF.1 It's main success came as a maritime patrol plane in the Coastal Command.1

The Venturas were used successfully on a raid of the Phillips factory at Eindhoven.2

The RAF eventually received 394 Venturas.2

United States Army

The Army took over 200 /2645 of the Venturas originally built for the RAF.3 These became the R-37.5

United States Navy

Based on the Coastal Commands success at using the PV-1 as a maritime patrol plan, the United States Navy decided to use it in the Pacific.1

The US Navy used around 1,600 of the PV-1 Venturas.1,3

United States Marines

In November 1943 the VMF(N)-531, first Marine night fighter unit, shot down it's first plane with a radar equipped PV-1.1,2

Royal New Zealand Air Force

On December 24, 1943, Ventura crew in the No. 1 Squadron, shot down three Mitsubishi Zeros.1

After World War II

Many were sold to other countries to be used in their air forces.1 Some saw use as crop sprayers and executive transports.1

Specifications

  Lockheed PV-1 Ventura, B-34
Type Bomber1,2, Bomber reconnassaince3, Maritime patrol1
Crew 4 - 52,3
Engine (Type) 2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800-31 Double Wasp1,2,3
2: Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp4
Cylinders Radial1, Radial 183
Cooling Air3
HP 1,850 each4, 2,000 each1,2,3
Propeller blades 3 each1,2
Dimensions  
Span 65' 6"1,2,3,4
19.96 m1,2
Length 51' 8"1, 51' 9"2,3, 57' 6"4
15.77 m1,2
Height 11' 10"1, 11' 11"2,3
3.63 m1,2
Wing area 686 ft2 1
63.73 m2 1
Weight  
Empty 20,154 lb1, 20,197 lb2
9,161 kg1,2
Loaded 31,077 lb2,3, 33,924 lb1
14,097 kg2, 15,422 kg1
Performance  
Speed @ 13,800' /
4,205 m
312 mph3, 321 mph1, 322 mph2
518 kph1,2
Cruising speed 164 mph2
264 kph2
Climb 2,230'/minute2
680 m/minute2
Service ceiling 26,300'1,2,3
8,015 m1, 8,016 m2
Range 1,650 miles1, 1,660 miles2,3
2,670 km1, 2,671 km2
Armament 6: MG3
Nose 2: 12.7 mm MG1
2: 0.5" MG2
Dorsal turret 2: 12.7 mm MG1
2: 0.5" MG2
Ventral position 2: 7.62 mm MG1
2: 0.303" MG2
Under nose  
Bomb-bay 6: 500 lb bombs1
3,000 lb2, 5,000 lb3
6: 227 kg bombs1
1,360 kg2
OR 1: torpedo1
Under wings 2: 1,000 lb bombs1
2,000 lb2
2: 454 kg bombs1
907 kg2
  B-34A
Type Medium Bomber5
Crew 4 - 55
Engine (Type) 2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800-31 Double Wasp5
Cylinders Radial 185
Cooling Air5
HP 2,000 each5
Propeller blades 3 constant speed5
Dimensions  
Span 65' 6"5
Length 51' 5"5
Height  
Wing area 551 ft2 5
Weight  
Empty 17,275 lb5
Loaded 25,600 lb5
Performance  
Speed @ 15,500' 315 mph5
Cruising speed 230 mph5
Climb  
Service ceiling 24,000'5
Range - loaded 950 miles5
Range - max 2,600 miles5
Armament  
Nose 2: .50 cal MG5
2: .30 cal MG5
Dorsal turret 2: .50 cal MG5
Ventral position 2: .30 cal MG5
Bombs 3,000 lb5

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  4. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  5. American Attack Aircraft Since 1926, E. R. Johnson, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site

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