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Great Britain's Gun Penetration Tables

20 mm

Weapon 20 mm
Type of Ammunition SAPHEI HEI HEIT
Weight (lb)      
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,725 2,725 2,725
°      
Armor Penetration (mm)      
100 yards      
500 yards      
1000 yards      
1500 yards      
2000 yards      
2500 yards      
100 meters      
500 meters      
1000 meters      
1500 meters      
2000 meters      
2500 meters      
Effective Range      
HE      
Smoke      
Shot      

37 mm

Weapon 37 mm
Type of Ammunition AP M74 APCBC M51 Littlejohn HE M63 Cannister M2
Weight (lb)          
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,900 2,900 3,100 2,700 2,450
°   30 30    
Armor Penetration (mm)          
100 yards          
500 yards          
1000 yards          
1500 yards          
2000 yards          
2500 yards          
100 meters          
500 meters          
1000 meters   53 60    
1500 meters          
2000 meters          
2500 meters          
Effective Range          
HE          
Smoke          
Shot          

 

2 pdr

Weapon 2 pdr (40 mm)
2 pdr OQF Mks IX, X, XA1
2 pdr (40 mm) Mk IX or Mk X3,5, L/505
Type of Ammunition AP1 APHV APCBC1 APCNR Littlejohn Mk II   AP3,5 AP HV/T3 APCBC5 SV5
Weight (lb) 2 lb 6 oz1 2.2 2.1
2 lb 1.5 oz1
      2 lb 6 oz5   2 lb 11 oz5 1 lb5
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,8001 2,800 2,6001   3,900   2,6003, 2,8005 2,8003 2,6005 4,2005
° 301 30 301 30 30 30 303,5 303 305 305
Armor Penetration (mm)                    
100 yards                    
500 yards             2.28"3 2.52"3 535 885
1000 yards             2.05"3
405
2.24"3 495 725
1500 yards             1.81"3 2.01"3 445 605
2000 yards             1.57"3 1.77"3 405 485
2500 yards                    
100 meters                    
500 meters 52, 571   57, 57.51 88   53        
1000 meters 40, 42 44.2 50.6, 45 72, 57 79 40        
1500 meters     40              
2000 meters                    
2500 meters                    
Effective Range                    
HE     2,000 yards5              
Smoke                    
Shot                    

 

3 pdr

Weapon 3 pdr OQF 2 cwt Gun Mk II5, 47 mm5, L/405
Type of Ammunition APHE5
Weight (lb) 3 lb 4 oz5
Velocity (ft/sec) 1,8405
° 305
Armor Penetration (mm)  
100 yards  
500 yards  
1000 yards 255
1500 yards  
2000 yards  
2500 yards  
100 meters  
500 meters  
1000 meters  
1500 meters  
2000 meters  
2500 meters  
Effective Range  
HE  
Smoke  
Shot 2,000 yards5

6 pdr

Weapon 6 pdr OQF Mks III, V1
6 pdr OQF 7 cwt Mk 3 or Mk 55, 57 mm5
6 pdr Mk V3
Type of Ammunition AP1 APHV APCBC5 APDS5 (SABOT) HE Littlejohn Composite rigid AP   AP1 APC3 APCBC3 APDS3
Weight (lb) 6 lb 4 oz1   7 lb 2 oz5             6 lb 4 oz1      
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,8001 2,950 2,6305, 2,725 4,0005 2,775         2,9651 2,8303 2,7003 3,9003
° 301   305 0 305   30 30 30 30 301 303 303 303
Armor Penetration (mm)                            
100 yards                            
500 yards     875   1315             2.95"3 3.19"3 5.16"3
1000 yards     805   1175             2.64"3 2.91"3 4.61"3
1500 yards     735   1035             2.17"3 2.48"3 4.25"3
2000 yards     675   905             2.05"3 2.2"3 3.54"3
2500 yards                            
100 meters                            
500 meters 811   81, 86.5   130, 131   123 109   75 831      
1000 meters     74.5, 74, 79.8, 88 146, 136 118, 117   111 90 74 63        
1500 meters     64, 73.5, 68   101, 103   101 75            
2000 meters     58, 63   90                  
2500 meters                            
Effective Range                            
HE     5,5005                      
Smoke                            
Shot     2,000 yards5                      

 

75 mm

Weapon 75 mm OQF Mks V, VA1,
75 mm Mk V or Mk VA
3
75 mm OQF Mk V5, L/36.55
Type of Ammunition AP1 HE1 APCBC MV APC5 APC M613 APCBC5 APCBC M61 APCBC HE M61
Weight (lb) 13.75 lb1,4 13.75 lb1   14 lb 4 oz5        
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,0301,4 2,0301 2,030 2,0305 2,0303 2,6505 2,030 2,030
° 301   30 305 303 305 30 30
Armor Penetration (mm)                
100 yards                
500 yards       685 2.6"3 1035    
1000 yards       615 2.36"3 945    
1500 yards       545 2.17"3 865    
2000 yards       475 1.97"3 785    
2500 yards                
100 meters                
500 meters 681   69.5       100  
1000 meters     63       93, 63 63
1500 meters     57       82  
2000 meters             77  
2500 meters                
Effective Range                
HE       10,000 yards5        
Smoke       4,500 yards5        
Shot       2,000 yards5        
Weapon 75 mm OQF Mks V, VA1,
75 mm Mk V or Mk VA
3
75 mm OQF Mk V5, L/36.55
Type of Ammunition HE M48 Super Smoke BE Mk II Smoke BE Mk V HE M48 Reduced HE M48 Normal AP M723 HE Mk I Normal HE Mk I Reduced
Weight (lb)                
Velocity (ft/sec) 1,980 850 850 950 1,515 2,0303 1,814 1,135
°           303    
Armor Penetration (mm)                
100 yards                
500 yards           2.99"3    
1000 yards           2.48"3    
1500 yards           2.01"3    
2000 yards           1.69"3    
2500 yards                
100 meters                
500 meters                
1000 meters                
1500 meters                
2000 meters                
2500 meters                
Effective Range                
HE                
Smoke                
Shot                

 

76 mm

Weapon 76 mm, 76 mm M1A13
Type of Ammunition AP M79 APC M623 APCBC M62 APCBC HE M62 APCR M933 HE Smoke M88 BE
Weight (lb)              
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,600 2,6003 2,600 2,600 3,4003 2,700 900
°   303     303    
Armor Penetration (mm)              
100 yards              
500 yards   3.66"3     6.18"3    
1000 yards   3.46"3     5.31"3    
1500 yards   3.23"3     4.57"3    
2000 yards   2.95"3     3.86"3    
2500 yards              
100 meters              
500 meters              
1000 meters              
1500 meters              
2000 meters              
2500 meters              
Effective Range              
HE              
Smoke              
Shot              

 

3"

Weapon 3" Howitzer OQF Mks I, IA1
Type of Ammunition HE1 Smoke1
Weight (lb) 13 7/8 lb1 13.25 lb1
Velocity (ft/sec) 600-700 ft/sec1 600-700 ft/sec1
°    
Armor Penetration (mm)    
100 yards    
500 yards    
1000 yards    
1500 yards    
2000 yards    
2500 yards    
100 meters    
500 meters    
1000 meters    
1500 meters    
2000 meters    
2500 meters    
Effective Range    
HE    
Smoke    
Shot    

 

77 mm

Weapon 77 Mk I3 77 mm
77 mm OQF Mk II1,5, L/505
Type of Ammunition APCBC3 APDS3 APCBC5 APDS5 HE
Weight (lb)     17 lb5 7 lb 11 oz5  
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,6003 3,6753 2,5755, 2,600 3,6755 1,650
° 303 303 0 305 60 305  
Armor Penetration (mm)              
100 yards              
500 yards 4.33"3 7.01"3   1205   1825  
1000 yards 4.13"3 5.91"3   1105   1655  
1500 yards 3.58"3 5.16"3   1005   1485  
2000 yards 3.5"3 4.8"3   905   1305  
2500 yards              
100 meters              
500 meters     145 115, 110, 120 52 178  
1000 meters     136 108, 100, 110 48 149  
1500 meters     124 100, 91 45 131  
2000 meters       85, 90   120  
2500 meters              
Effective Range              
HE       7,0005      
Smoke       2,0005      
Shot       2,0005   1,5005  

 

17 pdr

Weapon 17 pdr OQF Mk 25, L/555
Type of Ammunition APCBC5 APDS5
Weight (lb) 17 lb5 7 lb 11 oz5
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,9005 3,9505
° 305 305
Armor Penetration (mm)    
100 yards    
500 yards 1255 1875
1000 yards 1185 1705
1500 yards 1105 1535
2000 yards 985 1355
2500 yards    
100 meters    
500 meters    
1000 meters    
1500 meters    
2000 meters    
2500 meters    
Effective Range    
HE 12,0005  
Smoke    
Shot 2,5005 1,8005
Weapon 17 pdr2 (76 mm)
17 pdr OQF Mks II, IV, VI, VII1
Type of Ammunition APCBC APDS2 HE1 HE Mk I HE Mk II APC2 Composite Rigid AP  
Weight (lb) 17 lb1 8.15 lb1, 7.63 lb 17 lb1     17 lb1   17 lb1, 16.94 lb  
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,900 3,950   2,950 1,800     2,900 ft/sec  
° 0 30 60 0 301,2 60       302 30 30 30
Armor Penetration (mm)                          
100 yards                          
500 yards                          
1000 yards                          
1500 yards                          
2000 yards                          
2500 yards                          
100 meters                          
500 meters 172 136, 127, 140 62 248 200, 183, 208, 1861 70       121 155   123
1000 meters 162 128, 120, 130, 119 58 232, 231 188, 172, 192, 200, 2312 65       1092, 118 138 109 113
1500 meters 150 119, 112, 120 55 213 172, 155, 176 60       98 122   93
2000 meters   107, 111     145,161                
2500 meters                          
Effective Range                          
HE                          
Smoke                          
Shot                          
Weapon 17 pdr Mk II and Mk VII3
Type of Ammunition APCBC3 APDS3
Weight (lb)    
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,9003 3,9503
° 303 303
Armor Penetration (mm)    
100 yards    
500 yards 5.51"3 8.19"3
1000 yards 5.12"3 7.56"3
1500 yards 4.72"3 6.93"3
2000 yards 4.37"3 6.34"3
2500 yards    
100 meters    
500 meters    
1000 meters    
1500 meters    
2000 meters    
2500 meters    
Effective Range    
HE    
Smoke    
Shot    

20 pdr

Weapon 20 pdr 20 pdr Mk I3
Type of Ammunition APDS Mk I APCBC3 APDS Mk 33
Weight (lb)      
Velocity (ft/sec)   3,3463 4,6923
° 0 30 60 303 303
Armor Penetration (mm)          
100 yards          
500 yards       7.72"3 11.61"3
1000 yards       7.2"3 10.91"3
1500 yards       6.65"3 10.24"3
2000 yards       6.14"3 9.57"3
2500 yards          
100 meters          
500 meters 300 240 80    
1000 meters 280 225 75    
1500 meters 260 210 67    
2000 meters          
2500 meters          
Effective Range          
HE          
Smoke          
Shot          

25 pdr

Weapon 25 pdr (88 mm)
Type of Ammunition  
Weight (lb)  
Velocity (ft/sec)  
° 30
Armor Penetration (mm)  
100 yards  
500 yards  
1000 yards  
1500 yards  
2000 yards  
2500 yards  
100 meters  
500 meters 62
1000 meters 54
1500 meters  
2000 meters  
2500 meters  
Effective Range  
HE  
Smoke  
Shot  

3.7"

Weapon 3.7" Mortar (Howitzer) OQF Mk I1
Type of Ammunition  
Weight (lb) 10.5 lb1
Velocity (ft/sec) 620 ft/sec1
°  
Armor Penetration (mm)  
100 yards  
500 yards  
1000 yards  
1500 yards  
2000 yards  
2500 yards  
100 meters  
500 meters  
1000 meters  
1500 meters  
2000 meters  
2500 meters  
Effective Range  
HE  
Smoke  
Shot  

95 mm

Weapon 95 mm
95 mm Tank Howitzer OQF Mk I1,5, L/205
95 mm Mk I3
Type of Ammunition HEAT5 HECF HE5 HE Reduced Smoke BE HEAT3
Weight (lb) 14 lb 13 oz5   25 lb5      
Velocity (ft/sec) 1,6505 1,200 1,0505 500 660 1,0753
° 301,5 30       303
Armor Penetration (mm)            
100 yards 1105          
500 yards 1105         4.33"3
1000 yards 1105         4.33"3
1500 yards 1105          
2000 yards 1105          
2500 yards 1105          
100 meters            
500 meters 1101          
1000 meters   120        
1500 meters 110          
2000 meters            
2500 meters            
Effective Range            
HE     6,0005      
Smoke     3,4005      
Shot            

 

105 mm

Weapon 105 mm
Type of Ammunition HEAT M67 HE M1
Weight (lb)    
Velocity (ft/sec) 1,200 1,550
° 20  
Armor Penetration (mm)    
100 yards    
500 yards    
1000 yards    
1500 yards    
2000 yards    
2500 yards    
100 meters    
500 meters    
1000 meters 120  
1500 meters    
2000 meters    
2500 meters    
Effective Range    
HE    
Smoke    
Shot    

290 mm

Weapon 290 mm Mortar, Recoiling Spigot Mks I, II1
Type of Ammunition  
Weight (lb) 40 lb1
Velocity (ft/sec)  
°  
Armor Penetration (mm)  
100 yards  
500 yards  
1000 yards  
1500 yards  
2000 yards  
2500 yards  
100 meters  
500 meters  
1000 meters  
1500 meters  
2000 meters  
2500 meters  
Effective Range  
HE  
Smoke  
Shot  

 

Sources:

  1. British and American Tanks of World War Two, The Complete Illustrated History of British, American, and Commonwealth Tanks 1933-1945, Peter Chamberlain and Chris Ellis, 1969
  2. World War II Infantry Anti-Tank Tactics, Gordon L Rottman, 2005
  3. Cromwell Cruiser Tanks, 1942-1950, David Fletcher & Richard C Harley, 2006
  4. AFV 1, Churchill, B.I.T. Mk IV, B.T. White
  5. Western Allied Tanks 1939-45, David Porter, 2009
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site