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United States' Taylorcraft L-2 Deluxe liaison

Photos

  • Taylorcraft L-2B Deluxe liaison
  • Taylorcraft L-2B Deluxe liaison

Design

The US Army, in 1941, tested the Aeronca YO-58, Piper YO-59, and Taylorcraft YO-57 which were the artillery spotting and liaison aircraft of that time. The tests were successful and all three received production contracts.

The observer's seat could be rotated so that they could watch out the rear of the cockpit. He also had a table which could be used.

Prototype

Four prototypes were built and designated the YO-57.

Production

  • Taylorcraft YO-57: 4
  • Taylorcraft O-57: 70
  • Taylorcraft O-57A: 336
  • Taylorcraft L-2A: 140
  • Taylorcraft L-2B: 490
  • Taylorcraft L-2M: 900
  • Taylorcraft ST-100, TG-6: 253

Variants

  • Taylorcraft YO-57, Taylorcraft L-2: Prototype.
  • Taylorcraft O-57, Taylorcraft L-2:
  • Taylorcraft O-57A, Taylorcraft L-2A: Observer's seat could rotate to face rearward. Radio installed.
  • Taylorcraft L-2B: Artillery spotter.
  • Taylorcraft L-2C: Formerly the civilian Model CD-65. With a Continental A-65-8 engine.
  • Taylorcraft L-2D: Formerly the civilian Model DL-65. With a Lycoming O-145-B2 engine.
  • Taylorcraft L-2E: Formerly the civilian Model DF-65. With a Franklin 4AC-150 engine.
  • Taylorcraft L-2F: Formerly the civilian Model BF-65. With a Franklin 4AC-150 engine.
  • Taylorcraft L-2G: Formerly the civilian Model BFT-65. With a Franklin 4AC-150 engine.
  • Taylorcraft L-2H: Formerly the civilian Model BC-12. With a Continental A-65-7 engine.
  • Taylorcraft L-2J: Formerly the civilian Model BI-12. With a Lycoming O-145-B1 engine.
  • Taylorcraft L-2K: Formerly the civilian Model BF-12. With a Franklin 4AC-150 engine.
  • Taylorcraft L-2L: Formerly the civilian Model BF-50. With a Franklin 4AC-150 engine.
  • Taylorcraft L-2M: Engine was fully cowled.
  • Taylorcraft ST-100, TG-6: Special glider version with a skid under a modified nose. Three were used in US Navy trials.

In 1942 the YO-57s and O-57s were designated the L-2 and the O-57As the L-2A.

Usage

Glider Training

43 Taylorcraft's were used for glider pilot training.

Specifications

  L-2A
Type Liaison, Training Glider
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Continental O-170-3
Cylinders 4 Flat
HP 65
Dimensions  
Span 35' 5"
10.79 m
Length 22' 9"
6.93 m
Height 8'
2.44 m
Wing area 181 sq ft
16.81 sq m
Weight  
Empty 875 lb
397 kg
Loaded 1,300 lb
590 kg
Performance  
Speed 88 mph
142 kph
Service ceiling 10,000'
3,050 m
Range 230 miles
370 km
Armament None
  L-2B Deluxe
Type Liaison, Trainer
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Continental O-170-3
HP 65
Dimensions  
Span 36'
Length 21' 9"
Height 7'
Weight  
Loaded 640 lb
Performance  
Speed 105 mph
Range 250 miles
Armament None

Sources:

  1. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  2. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site