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United States' Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper liaison

Photos

  • Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper liaison
  • Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper liaison
  • Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper liaison
  • Aeronca L-3C Grasshopper liason
  • Aeronca L-3C Grasshopper liason

Design

The Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper was adapted from a sports aircraft.

The frame was welded steel tubing with a fabric cover.

Production

  • Aeronca Model 65:
  • Aeronca YO-58: 4
  • Aeronca O-58, L-3: 50
  • Aeronca O-58A, L-3A: 20
  • Aeronca O-58B, L-3B: 875
  • Aeronca L-3C: 490
  • Aeronca TG-5: 250
  • Aeronca LNR: 3
  • Production: ? - 1944

In 1942 the designation were changed from O to L.

Variants

  • Aeronca Model 65: Civilian trainer.
  • Aeronca YO-58: Prototype version of the Model 65.
  • Aeronca O-58, L-3:
  • Aeronca O-58A, L-3A:
  • Aeronca O-58B, L-3B:
  • Aeronca L-3C:
  • Aeronca L-3D: Formerly the civilian Model 65TAF Defender. With a Franklin 4AC-176-B2 engine.
  • Aeronca L-3E: Formerly the civilian Model 65TAC Defender. With a Continental A65-8 engine.
  • Aeronca L-3F: Formerly the civilian Model 65CA Super-Chief. With a Continental A65-8 engine.
  • Aeronca L-3G: Formerly the civilian Model 65Lb Super-Chief. With a Lycoming O-145-B1 engine.
  • Aeronca L-3H: Formerly the civilian Model 65TL Defender. With a Lycoming O-145-B1 engine.
  • Aeronca L-3J: Formerly the civilian Model 65TC Defender. With a Continental A65-7 engine.
  • Aeronca TG-5: Training glider.
  • Aeronca LNR: Training glider for the United States Navy.

Specifications

  L-3
Type Liaison, Observation
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Continental O-170, Continental O-170-3
Cylinders Flat 4
Cooling Air
HP 65
Fuel Capacity 12 gallons
Dimensions  
Span 35'
10.67 m
Length 21', 21' 10"
6.4 m, 6.67 m
Height 7' 8", 9' 1"
2.34 m, 2.74 m
Wing area 158 sq ft, 169 sq ft
14.68 sq m, 15.6 sq m
Weight  
Empty 835 lb
379 kg
Loaded 1,260 lb, 1,300 lb
572 kg, 590 kg
Performance  
Speed 87 mph
139 kph, 140 kph
Speed - Cruising 46 mph, 79 mph
74 kph, 126.4 kph
Climb 404'/minute
123 m/minute
Service ceiling 10,000'
3,050 m
Range 200 miles, 218 miles
322 km, 350 km
Armament None
  L-3C
Type Liaison, Reconnaissance
Engine (Type) 1: Continental A-65-S
Cooling Air
HP 65
Dimensions  
Span 35'
Length 21' 10"
Height 9'
Weight  
Loaded 1,200 lb
Performance  
Speed 87 mph
Range 215 mph
  L-3D, L-3E, L-3H, L-3J
Type Trainer
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Lycoming O-145-B1
OR Franklin 4AC-176-B2
Cylinders 4
Cooling Air
HP 65
Fuel Capacity 12 gallons
Dimensions  
Span 35'
10.67 m
Length 21' 10"
6.7 m
Height 9' 1"
2.75 m
Wing area 169 sq ft
15.7 sq m
Weight  
Empty 750 lb
340 kg
Loaded 1,200 lb
545 kg
Performance  
Speed 95 mph
152 kph
Speed - Cruising 87 mph
139 kph
Climb 450'/minute
137 m/minute
Service ceiling 12,000'
3,660 m
Range 225 miles
360 km
  L-3F, L-3G
Type Trainer
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Continental A65-8
OR Lycoming O-145-B1
Cylinders 4
Cooling Air
HP 65
Fuel Capacity 17 gallons
Dimensions  
Span 36'
10.9 m
Length 21'
6.3 m
Height 6' 7"
2 m
Wing area 169 sq ft
15.7 sq m
Weight  
Empty 750 lb
340 kg
Loaded 1,250 lb
567 kg
Performance  
Speed 109 mph
174.4 kph
Speed - Cruising 100 mph
160 kph
Climb 600'/minute
183 m/minute
Service ceiling 15,000'
4,575 m
Range 400 - 500 miles
640 - 800 km

Sources:

  1. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  2. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site