Marmon-Herrington Mk II, with the British King's Dragoon Guards at Tobruk in 1941:
Marmon-Herrington Mk II:
Marmon-Herrington Mk IV:
In 1938 the South African government ordered two types of armored cars to be developed by the South African automobile industry.2,5 Development was slow and when the war started in 1939 the designs were ordered into production.2
The Marmon-Herrington armored cars were made from Ford truck chassis, made in Canada; a Marmon-Herrington transmission, made in the United States; and armament from the United Kingdom.2,4,5 These were assembled in railway workshops and vehicle assembly plants in South Africa.2
An armored hull was placed onto the truck chassis.2
The first vehicles had riveted construction but this was changed to welded.4
The Marmon-Herrington Mk II started out with a 7.7 mm Vickers machine gun in the turret and a light machine gun in the hull.2 After combat experience the turret machine gun was replaced by a 13.97 mm Boys anti-tank rifle.2
South Africa produced the armor for the Marmon-Herringtons.4
Marmon-Herrington Mk I: 100, 135
Marmon-Herrington Mk II: ~9003
Middle East (ME): 3384
Mobile Filed Force (MFF): 5494
Marmon-Herrington Mk III: 2,6001
Marmon-Herrington Mk IV: 2,000, 2,1001
Production: 1943 -
Marmon-Herrington Mk VI:
South African Reconnaissance Vehicle Mk I: 4 x 2 drive and long wheelbase.2 After use against Italian forces in East Africa these were only used for training.2
Marmon-Herrington Mk I: The fully built versions entered service with South Africa in 1940. None of these were issued to British forces. Two wheel drive.4
South African Reconnaissance Vehicle Mk II; Armored Car, Marmon-Herrington Mk II: This had 4 wheel drive with a longer wheelbase.2,4 There were twin doors in the rear that made for easy access.4 Early models were riveted with the rest welded. These were used against the Italians in East Africa. Some had field modifications of taking the turrets off and more powerful guns mounted behind gun shields.4 Guns that were used were Italian 20 mm and 47 mm Breda, German 37 mm and 28/20 mm taper bore, and French 25 mm.2
Other variants were artillery OP, ambulance, command car, fitters vehicle, and RAF contact car with AA Lewis gun in turret and radio antennae.
Middle East (ME): Had Boys ATR.4 Two Bren machine guns, one coaxial in the turret and one anti aircraft.4
Mobile Field Force (MFF): There were two Vickers machine guns, one in the turret and the other in a ball mount on the near side.4
Marmon-Herrington Mk III: It had a shorter wheelbase, single rear door, no radiator grill and no headlight covers.2 Some of the models were field modified as the Mk II was.
Marmon-Herrington Mk IIIA: Turret removed and 2 .303 Vickers AA fitted on a ring mount protected by a steel skirt.
Marmon-Herrington Mk IV: Completely redesigned using Ford and Marmon-Herrington components on a 4x4 chassis. The suspension, engine, and transmission were bolted onto the hull. Some had run flat tires installed.
Marmon-Herrington Mk IVF: Had rear engine facing forward with gearbox and radiator mounted at the rear. Used Canadian Ford transmission.2
Marmon-Herrington MK VI: 8 Wheels.
The Marmon-Herrington Mk IIs were used in the Western Desert from 1941.2,5 In fact they were the main armored car available for combat reconnaissance units.2