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Japan's Type 1 Chi-He (Chi-Ne?):

Design

Mitsubishi decided to modernize the Type 97-Kai Shinhoto Chi-Ha in 1942.5 The armor was increased to 50 mm with a straight flat plate to simplify production.5 The armor was welded.3,4

The engine in the Type 1 Chi-He was a Type 100 (240 HP).5

Prototype

Production was delayed by having to retool the factories and the emphasis of production going to aircraft. Plenty of turrets were produced and were supplied for the Shinhoto Chi-Ha.

Production

  • Type 1 Chi-He: 587
    • Production: Late 1943 -5

Usage

Only units in Japan received the Type 1 and it never saw combat.5

Specifications

  Type 1
Crew Commander, gunner, loader, driver, gunner-hull
51,2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 38,000 lb,
17,000 kg1, 17,476 kg
16.73 tons1, 16.9 tons4, 17 tons2, 17.2 tons3
Length 18.76'2, 18' 9"1
5.5 m1, 5.73 m3
Height 7.83'2, 7' 9.5", 7' 10"1
2.38 m1
Width 7.66'2, 7' 8"1
2.2 m1
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 47 mm1,2
47 mm Model 1
47 mm Type 13,4
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.7 mm MG1,2
2: MG4
MG - coaxial 1: MG3
1: 7.7 mm Type 97 MG
MG - hull 1: 7.7 mm Type 97 MG
MG - rear turret 1: MG3
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8 - 502
501,3,4
Hull Front, Upper 50
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom 10
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Mitsubishi Type 1001 air cooled
Type 1002,3,4,5, air cooled2
Cylinders V-121,2
Net HP 2303,4
2401,2,4 @ 2,000 rpm
Transmission  
Cooling Air3
Fuel type Diesel1,2,3,4
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 27 mph1, 27.3 mph2
40 kph3, 43 kph1
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 130 miles
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  3. Profile AFV Weapons #49 Japanese Medium Tanks, Lieutenant-General Tomio Hara, 1972
  4. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  5. Japanese Tanks 1939-45, Steven J. Zaloga, 2007
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site

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