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Japan's Type 4 Chi-To heavy tank

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Type 4 Chi-To:
Japan's Type 4 Chi-To heavy tank

Design

Some sources calls this a Medium tank.1,4

Development work on the Chi-To began in 1943.3,4 Due to the war situation very few were produced and they were left in the home islands for the coming Allied invasion.4

Main Armament

A 75 mm antiaircraft gun was used.4

Prototype

Only 6 prototypes were constructed by 1945.

Production

  • Prototypes: 63
  • Type 4 Chi-To: 23, 61
    • Manufacturer: Mitsubishi3, Kobe-Seiko3

Specifications

  Type 4 Chi-To
Crew 51
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 60,000 lb
30 tons1,4
Length 20.75'1
6.3 m4
Height 9.4'1
Width 9.4'1
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 75 mm2
75 mm Type 41,3,4
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.7 mm MG1
2: MG2,4
MG - coaxial 7.7 mm MG
MG - hull 7.7 mm MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 12 - 751, 753,4
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Type 44, supercharged4
Cylinders V-121,4
Net HP 4001,3,4
Cooling Air cooled1
Transmission  
Fuel type Diesel1,4
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 28 mph1
45 kph4
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing 3 m4
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  2. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  3. Japanese Tanks 1939-45, Steven J. Zaloga, 2007
  4. Profile AFV Weapons #49 Japanese Medium Tanks, Lieutenant-General Tomio Hara, 1972
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site

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