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Japan's Mitsubishi Ki-83 fighter

Photos

  • Mitsubishi Ki-83 fighter
  • Mitsubishi Ki-83 fighter

 

Design

The Mitsubishi Ki-83 was designed to be a long range escort fighter by Tomio Kubo, Mizuno, Kato, and Sugiyama.

The initial specification was put out in May 1943.

Prototype

The first Ki-83 prototype was completed in October 1944 and it first flew on November 18, 1944. It was able to go 426 mph / 430 mph / at 26,000' / 26,250'. It was also very maneuverable.

Chronic problems were with engine and tail vibrations. Three additional prototypes were constructed with stronger engine mountings and horizontal tail surfaces.

Production

  • Prototypes: 4
    • Manufacturer: Mitsubishi Jukogyo K.K.
    • Production: October 1944 - May 1945

Variants

  • Mitsubishi Ki-83:

Usage

The Mitsubishi Ki-83 was still a prototype at the end of World War II. Priority was given to interceptor construction instead.

Specifications

  Mitsubishi Ki-83
Type Fighter, Long Range High Altitude Fighter
Crew 2
Engine (Type) 2: Mitsubishi Ha-211 Ru
Cylinders Radial 18
Cooling Air
Net HP 2,200 each
Propeller blades 4 metal constant speed
Dimensions  
Span 50' 10", 50' 10.25"
15.5 m
Length 41', 41' 1/8"
12.5 m
Height 15' 1", 15' 1 3/32"
4.6 m
Wing area 360.805 sq ft
33.52 sq m
Weight  
Empty 13,184 lb
5,980 kg
Loaded 19,390 lb
8,795 kg
Maximum Load 20,790 lb
9,430 kg
Performance  
Speed at 29,530' / 9,000 m 438 mph
704.5 kph
Speed at 16,405' / 5,000 m 407 mph
655 kph
Speed - Cruising at 13,125' / 4,000 m 280 mph
450 kph
Climb to 10,000' / 32,810' 10 minutes
Service ceiling 41,535'
12,660 m
Range 1,213 miles
1,953 km
Range - Maximum 2,175 miles
3,500 km
Armament 2: 20 mm
2: 30 mm
Fuselage - Lower 2: 30 mm Ho-105
2: 20 mm Ho-5
Bombs 220 lb
2: 110 lb
2: 50 kg

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  2. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, René J Francillon, 1970
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site