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Italy's P26/40 heavy tank

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P26/40 heavy tank:
Italy's P26/40 heavy tank

P26/40 heavy tank:
Italy's P26/40 heavy tank

Design

Was intended to be a heavy tank that would support the mediums.5 It was planned that there would be one company of heavy tanks with three medium companies in each battalion.5

Design work started in 1940 and first prototype wasn't ready until 1942 because of delays in finding an engine that was suitable. The first production models left the factory in 1943.

Crew

The driver and machine gunner were located at the front.3

Production

Produced by Fiat in northern Italy.

  • P26/40: 211, for Germans: 503, 801
    • Production: 19431
    • Manufacturer: FIAT-Ansaldo2

Usage

None of the P26/40s were issued to Italian army.3

German Use

A few were completed and used by the Germans at Anzio in 1944.5 5 prototype vehicles were taken over when the Italians surrendered in September 1943.2 From 1943-1944 100 were built.2 Had an RF 1 CA radio.2

Specifications

  P26/40 Heavy Tank
Crew 41,2,3,5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 58,240 lb
25.59 tons, 26 tons1,2,3,5
26,000 kg, 25,420 kg1
Length 18' 9"5, 18' 10 1/3", 19.09'3, 19' 1"1
5.8 m2, 5.82 m1
Height 8.26'3, 8' 2.5", 8' 3"1,5
2.5 m2, 2.52 m1
Width 9'5, 9.18'3, 9' 1/3", 9' 2"1
2.8 m1,2
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 75 mm1,3,5
75 mm L/342,4
Secondary  
MG MG1,3
8 mm Model 382,4
MG - coaxial 8 mm Breda Model 38
MG - hull MG5
8 mm Breda Model 38
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 652
754
Secondary  
MG 5762
6004
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 14 - 503
501, 605
Hull Front, Upper 50@45°2
Hull Front, Lower 50@55°2
Hull Sides, Upper 45@35°2
Hull Sides, Lower 40@0°2
Hull Rear 40@10°2 & 40@40°2
Hull Top 20@83°2 & 20@90°2
Hull Bottom 15@90°2
Turret Front 60@15°2
Mantlet: 60 round2
Turret Sides 45@25°2
Turret Rear 40@25°2
Turret Top 20@82°2 & 20@90°2
Engine (Make / Model) SPA2 25 liters2
Cylinders 121,2
V-123,4
Net HP 4204,5, 2751,3
3302 @ 2,100 rpm2
Transmission  
Fuel type Diesel1,2,3
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°, electric.2
Speed - Road 22 mph1,3, 25 mph4,5
35 kph1, 40 kph4, 42 kph2
Speed - Cross Country 16 mph
Range - Road 93.2 miles, 150 miles1, 170 miles5
240 km1, 275 km2
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits -10° to +23°2
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  3. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  4. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  5. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site

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