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Hungary's Turan tank

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Design

In 1940 the Hungarian Ministry of De fence to obtain Czechoslovakian tanks, but the production from Skoda and CKD/Praga were committed to building tanks for the Germans.2 They did obtain the production rights to the Czechoslovakian designs for the S-IIr, S-IIa, T-21.2

The S-IIr prototype was completed in August 1941. Production for the Turan 1 started in October 1941.

They were built by the Weiss & Cspel Steelworks of Budapest.

A long barrel 75 mm gun was installed. It was only in the prototype stage when the Germans occupied Hungary. It was to be called the Turan 3.

The 2 man turrets were replaced by 3 man turrets and radios. The Hungarian made 8-cylinder engine was installed. This became the 40M Turan I.

Production

  • Turan 1, Turan I: 300
    • Manufacturer:
      • Weiss Manfréd (Cspel): 70
      • Magyar Waggongyár (Gyõr): 70
      • Mávag (Diósgyõr): 50
      • Ganz (Budapest): 45
  • Turan 2, Turan II: 322

Variants

  • Turan 1, Turan I: Had 40 mm gun. Late production models had 61 mm in the front.
  • Turan 2, Turan II: Had a modified turret with a long bevel on the cupola and the armament was changed to a short caliber 75 mm.
  • Turan 3: Had longer caliber 75 mm.
  • 40/43M Zrinyi: Assault gun armed with 105 mm.

Usage

Turan 1:

Was the main equipment for the Hungarian 1st Tank Division from 1943.

Turan 2:

Issued to Hungarian armored formations in 1943.

Specifications

  Turan 1
Crew 51,2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 17.9 tons1, 18.2 tons2
18,200 kg1, 18,500 kg2
Length 18' 8"1
5.68 m1
Height 7' 8"1
2.33 m1
Width 8' 4"1
2.54 m1
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 40 mm1
1: 40 mm Skoda2
Secondary  
MG  
MG - coaxial 1: 8 mm MG2
MG - hull 1: 8 mm MG2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 14-501
Hull Front, Upper 50, 61
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom 14
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Weiss1
Cylinders 81,2
Net HP 2602, 260@2,200 rpm1
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline1
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 29 mph, 29 mph1
43 kph2, 47 kph1
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 102 miles
103 miles1, 165 km1
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type) Leaf spring2
Wheels each side 9
Return rollers each side 4
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  
  Turan 2
Crew 51,2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 18,500 kg1,2
18.2 tons1,2
Length 18' 8"1,2
5.68 m1, 5.69 m2
Height 7' 7.5"2, 7' 8"1
2.33 m1,2
Width 8' 4"1,2
2.54 m1,2
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 75 mm1, short barrel
1: 75 mm2
Secondary  
MG 2: 8 mm MG1,2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 14 - 501, 502
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Weiss1,2
Cylinders 81, V-82
Net HP 2602, 260@2,200 rpm1
Transmission  
Fuel (type) Gasoline1,2
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 29 mph1, 29.2 mph2
47 kph1,2
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 102.5 miles2, 103 miles1
165 km1,2
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  
  Turan 3
Crew  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight  
Length  
Height  
Width  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 75 mm, long barrel
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model)  
Cylinders  
Net HP  
Transmission  
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road  
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site