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Germany's PzKpfw 38(t) tanks

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Design

The PzKpfw 38(t) was originally the Czechoslovakian TNH P-S medium Tank.

In March 1939 there was only one TNH P-S that was completed, with eight others in production when Germany took over Czechoslovakia.4 In May 1939 the German Army extensively tested the TNH P-S.4 It was found that it was basically equivalent to the PzKpfw III.4 By then nine were completed and were designated the PzKpfw 38(t).4

Main Armament

Originally the PzKpfw 38(t) had the Czechoslovakian 3.7 cm gun, but this was replaced by the German 3.7 cm KwK L/45.8

Armor Upgrade

The Germans ordered that the armor be increased to 50 mm in front, the sides to 30 mm, and the turret had a total of 50 mm.9

Production

In late May 1939 contracts were issued to CKD of Prague (renamed Böhmisch Mährische Maschinenfabrik AG9 or BMM) for 150 tanks.4 These would be the Ausf A.4

The Germans wanted production to be at 40 per month.9

  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf A: 1503,4,9
    • Production: May 1939 - November 19393,4
    • Manufacturer: BMM3
    • Chassis: 0001 - 01509
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf B: 1109
    • Chassis: 0151 - 02609
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf C: 1109
    • Chassis: 0261 - 03709
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf D: 1059
    • Chassis: 0371 - 04759
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf B, PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf C, PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf D: 3253,4
    • Production: January 1940 - November 19403,4
    • Manufacturer: BMM3
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf E: 2759
    • Chassis: 0476 - 07509
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf F: 2509
    • Chassis: 0751 - 10009
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf E, PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf F: 275, 5253,4
    • Production: November 1940 - October 19413,4
    • Manufacturer: BMM3
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf G: 3213,4, 5009
    • Production: October 1940 - July 19423,4
    • Manufacturer: BMM3
    • Chassis: 1101 - 16009
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf H:
    • Chassis: 1601 - 9
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf S: 903,5,9
    • Production: May 1941 - December 19413
    • Manufacturer: BMM3
    • Chassis: 1001 - 10909
  • Total: 1,1685,8,9, 1,4007, > 1,40010
    • 1940: 2759
    • 1941: 6989
    • 1942: 1959
    • Production: 1939 - 19427,10
  • Aufklärungspanzer 38(t), SdKfz 140/1: 704,9
    • Manufacturer: BMM9
    • Production: 19439, 1943 - 19444

Variants

  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf A: Original vehicle that was produced after Germany annexed Czechoslovakia.4 59 served in the 67th Panzerabteilung of the 3rd Light Division in Poland. 15 were used in Norway. Used in all theaters except Africa.
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf B: Used in France with the 7th & 8th Panzer Divisions and the 8th Panzer Division in Greece.
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf C: Repeat order 1940. Used in France with the 7th & 8th Panzer Divisions and the 8th Panzer Division in Greece.
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf D: Simplified front plate, September 1940.
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf E: Added external armor plates, up to 50mm front, 30mm sides. Smoke emitters added.
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf F: Small changes and eliminated smoke emitters.
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf S: Was order to Sweden but impounded.5,9 These were fitted with extra radios and designated Panzerbefehlswagen 38(t).9 Some were exported to the Slovak Free State and served in southern Russia in 1941 and 1942.
  • PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf G: Late 1941 production model with extra plates.
  • Bison: Self propelled vehicle.
  • Marder III: 19 were converted from and carried the 7.62 cm Pak 36(r).4
  • Hetzer: 2,396 chassis used in producing the Hetzer.4
  • leichte Flakpanzer: 162 chassis were used to mount a 20 mm anti-aircraft gun.4
  • Panzerkampfwagen 38(t) mit Nebel Ausrüstung: Had turret removed and used as smoke-screen layer.9 Conversions were done in 1943.9
  • Waffenträger: Weapons carrier. It was to carry and then dismount various types of guns. Two prototypes were completed and production was to start in mid-1945. The engine was moved to the front near the driver. This made room in the rear for the carrying of additional ammunition. Two models were to be produced, one to carry the 88 mm PaK L/71 or the 105 mm light field howitzer. The other model was lengthened and was to cary the 128 mm K 81 gun or a heavy field howitzer. Also used as reconnaissance vehicle, ammunition carrier, and artillery prime mover.
  • Aufklärungspanzer 38(t), SdKfz 140/1: Reconnaissance tank.8,9 Had a 2 cm gun.8,9 Fitted the chassis with the same turret as used on the SdKfz 222.4,9 These were issued to reconnaissance battalions of elite panzer divisions.
  • Schützenpanzerwagen auf 38(t): Was to be a troop carrier made from a longer PzKpfw 38(t) chassis.9 Never built.9
  • Munitionspanzer 38(t) SdKfz 38/1: 102 PzKpfw 38(t)s converted in 1943 to carry ammunition.9 Each could carry 40 rounds.9
  • Munitionsfahrzeug auf Fahrgestell PzKpfw 38(t): PzKpfw 38(t) converted in 1943 to carry ammunition and server as an artillery tractor.9

Usage

Invasion of Poland

80 Ausf As were with the 2nd and 3rd Light Divisions.4 228 total were used.8

Invasion of Normandy

15 participated.4

Invasion of France

1/10 of the available tank strength was the PzKpfw 38(t).4 228 in the 7th Panzer (1324,6) and 8th Panzer (854,6) Divisions.5,7,9

Invasion of Russia

There were 754 available at the start of Operation Barbarossa, which was about 1/4 of the total available tank strength.4,9 They were primarily deployed in the 7th, 8th, 12th, 19th, and 20th Panzer Divisions.4

By July 1941 there were 763.5,9

By April 1942, loses (even with increased production) had reduced this number down to 522.4,9

Occupation

After most were withdrawn from frontline combat formations, 229 served throughout occupied Europe up until mid-1944.4

Last Jobs

Some of the remaining PzKpfw 38(t)s were being used for artillery observation.9

After World War II

After the war ended the Swiss Army took some of the vehicles and used them.10

Specifications

  PzKpfw 38(t)
Crew 410
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 21,340 lb10
9,700 kg10
Length 14' 11"10
4.546 m10
Height 7' 7"10
2.311 m10
Width 7'10
2.133 m10
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 37.2 mm Skoda A710
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.92 mm MG10
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 2510
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) 1: Praga EPA10
Cylinders Inline 610
Cooling Water10
Net HP 15010
Transmission (Type)  
Fuel (Type) Petrol10
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 26 mph10
42 kph10
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 125 miles10
200 km10
Range - Cross Country  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 3'10
0.9 m10
Trench crossing 6' 2"10
1.879 m10
Vertical Obstacle 2' 7"10
0.787 m10
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  
  PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf A
Crew 41,2,3,4
Radio FuG37 (t)3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 20,723 lb
9.25 tons1, 9.4 tons3, 9.7 tons2,4
9,400 kg1
Length w/ gun 15' 1"1, 16' 1"4
4.6 m1,3, 4.61 m2, 4.9 m4
Length w/o gun 16' 1"4
4.9 m4
Height 7' 9"4, 7' 10"1
2.25 m2, 2.37 m4, 2.4 m1,3
Width 6' 9"4, 6' 11"1
2.06 m4 2.12 m1,3, 2.14 m2
Ground clearance 0.4 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.57 (kg/cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 37 mm1
37 mm KwK L/401
37 mm L/48.72
37 mm KwK 38(t) L48.73
37 mm KwK A7(t) L/404
37 mm KwK L/451,4
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.92 mm MG1
2: MGs2
2: 7.92 mm MG37(t)3
MG - coaxial 1: 7.92 mm MG 37(t)4
MG - hull 1: 7.92 mm MG 37(t)4
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 723, 902,4
Secondary  
MG 2,400 (including 900 AP)3
2,7002,4
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 257, 15 - 251
Hull Front, Upper 252, 25@17°3, 25@80°4
Hull Front, Lower 25@16°3, 25@25°4
Hull Sides, Upper 152, 15@0°3. 17.5@90°4
Hull Sides, Lower 15@0°3
Hull Rear 152, 10@60°3 & 15@12°3, 10@80°4
Hull Top 102, 8@90°3
Hull Bottom 82, 8@90°3
Turret Front 252, 25@10°3, 25@84°4
Turret Sides 152, 15@10°325@74°4
Turret Rear 152, 15@10°3, 25@86°
Turret Top 82, 10@90°3, 10@0-4°4
Engine (Make / Model) Praga EPA1,3,9
TNHPS2
Praga EPA TZ4
Cylinders 64,9
Net HP 1254, 125@2,200 rpm9
Transmission 5 forward, 1 reverse.2,3
Fuel type Gasoline4
Octane  
Capacity 48 gallons4
218 liters4, 220 liters2
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand.3
Speed - Road 26 mph1,4
42 kph1,2,3,4
Speed - Cross Country 9 mph4
15 kph4
Range - Road 143 miles4, 155 miles1
230 km4, 250 km1,2,3
Cross country: 103 miles4, 160 km2, 165 km4
Turning Radius 8.7 m2
Elevation Limits -10° to +25°3
Fording depth 0.8 m2
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 42
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 293 mm2
Track centers/tread  
  PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf B
Crew 42,3
Radio FuG37 (t)3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 20,944 lb
9.5 tons3, 9.7 tons2
Length 15' 1", 14' 11"
4.9 m, 4.61 m2,3
Height 2.25 m2, 2.43
Width 2.14 m2,3
Ground clearance 0.4 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.57 (kg/cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 37 mm L/48.72
37 mm KwK 38(t) L/47.83
Secondary  
MG 2: MGs2
2: 7.92 mm MG37(t)3
MG - coaxial  
MG - hull  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 902
Secondary  
MG 2,7002
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 257
Hull Front, Upper 252, 25@17°3
Hull Front, Lower 25@16°3
Hull Sides, Upper 152, 15@0°3
Hull Sides, Lower 15@0°3
Hull Rear 152, 10@60°3 & 15@12°3
Hull Top 102, 8@90°3
Hull Bottom 82, 8@90°3
Turret Front 252, 25@10°3
Mantlet: 25 round3
Turret Sides 152, 15@10°3
Turret Rear 152, 15@10°3
Turret Top 82, 10@90°3
Engine (Make / Model) Praga EPA3,9
TNHPS2
Cylinders 69
Net HP 125@2,200 rpm9
Transmission 5 forward, 1 reverse.2,3
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity 220 liters2
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand.3
Speed - Road 42 kph2,3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 km2,3
Cross country: 160 km2
Turning Radius 8.7 m2
Elevation Limits -10° to +25°3
Fording depth 0.8 m2
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 42
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 293 mm2
Track centers/tread  
  PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf C
Crew 42,3
Radio FuG37 (t)3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 20,944 lb
9.5 tons3, 9.7 tons2
Length 15' 1", 14' 11"
4.9 m, 4.61 m2,3
Height 2.25 m2, 2.43
Width 2.14 m2,3
Ground clearance 0.4 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.57 (kg/cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 37 mm L/48.72
37 mm KwK 38(t) L/47.83
Secondary  
MG 2: MGs2
2: 7.92 mm MG37(t)3
MG - coaxial  
MG - hull  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 902
Secondary  
MG 2,7002
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 257
Hull Front, Upper 252, 25@17°3
Hull Front, Lower 25@16°3
Hull Sides, Upper 152, 15@0°3
Hull Sides, Lower 15@0°3
Hull Rear 152, 10@60°3 & 15@12°3
Hull Top 102, 8@90°3
Hull Bottom 82, 8@90°3
Turret Front 252, 25@10°3
Mantlet: 25 round3
Turret Sides 152, 15@10°3
Turret Rear 152, 15@10°3
Turret Top 82, 10@90°3
Engine (Make / Model) Praga EPA3,9
TNHPS2
Cylinders 69
Net HP 125@2,200 rpm9
Transmission 5 forward, 1 reverse.2,3
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity 220 liters2
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand.3
Speed - Road 42 kph2,3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 km2,3
Cross country: 160 km2
Turning Radius 8.7 m2
Elevation Limits -10° to +25°3
Fording depth 0.8 m2
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 42
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 293 mm2
Track centers/tread  
  PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf D
Crew 42,3
Radio FuG37 (t)3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 20,944 lb
9.5 tons3, 9.7 tons2
Length 15' 1", 14' 11"
4.9 m, 4.61 m2
Height 2.25 m2, 2.43
Width 2.14 m2,3
Ground clearance 0.4 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.57 (kg/cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 37 mm L/48.72
37 mm KwK 38(t) L/47.83
Secondary  
MG 2: MGs2
2: 7.92 mm MG37(t)3
MG - coaxial  
MG - hull  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 902
Secondary  
MG 2,7002
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 257
Hull Front, Upper 252, 25@17°3
Hull Front, Lower 25@16°3
Hull Sides, Upper 152, 15@0°3
Hull Sides, Lower 15@0°3
Hull Rear 152, 10@60°3 & 15@12°3
Hull Top 102, 8@90°3
Hull Bottom 82, 8@90°3
Turret Front 252, 25@10°3
Mantlet: 25 round3
Turret Sides 152, 15@10°3
Turret Rear 152, 15@10°3
Turret Top 82, 10@90°3
Engine (Make / Model) Praga EPA3,9
TNHPS2
Cylinders 69
Net HP 125@2,200 rpm9
Transmission 5 forward, 1 reverse.2,3
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity 220 liters2
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand.3
Speed - Road 42 kph2,3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 km2,3
Cross country: 160 km2
Turning Radius 8.7 m2
Elevation Limits -10° to +25°3
Fording depth 0.8 m2
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 42
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 293 mm2
Track centers/tread  
  PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf E
Crew 42,3
Radio FuG53
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 21,715 lb
9.85 tons2,3
Length 15' 1", 14' 11"
4.9 m, 4.61 m2,3
Height 2.25 m2, 2.4 m3
Width 2.14 m2,3
Ground clearance 0.4 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.57 (kg/cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 37 mm L/48.72
37 mm KwK 38(t) L/47.83
Secondary  
MG 2: MGs2
2: 7.92 mm MG37(t)3
MG - coaxial  
MG - hull  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 42 Pzgr & Sprgr3, 902
Secondary  
MG 2,4003
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 507, 506
Hull Front, Upper 502,
25+25@17°3
Hull Front, Lower 25+25@16°3
Hull Sides, Upper 15-302,
15+15@0°3
Hull Sides, Lower 15@0°3
Hull Rear 152,
10@60°3 & 15@12°3
Hull Top 122,
8@90°3
Hull Bottom 82,
8@90°3
Turret Front 502, 25+25@10°3
Mantlet: 25 round3
Turret Sides 302, 30@10°3
Turret Rear 222, 22@10°3
Turret Top 12215@90°3
Engine (Make / Model) Praga EPA3,9
TNHPS2
Cylinders 69
Net HP 125@2,200 rpm9
Transmission 5 forward, 1 reverse.2,3
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity 220 liters2
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand.3
Speed - Road 42 kph2,3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 km2,3
Cross country: 160 km2
Turning Radius 8.7 m2
Elevation Limits -10° to +25°3
Fording depth 0.8 m2
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 42
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 293 mm2
Track centers/tread  
  PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf F
Crew 42,3
Radio FuG53
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 21,715 lb
9.85 tons2,3
Length 15' 1", 14' 11"
4.9 m, 4.61 m2,3
Height 2.25 m2, 2.4 m3
Width 2.14 m2,3
Ground clearance 0.4 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.57 (kg/cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 37 mm L/48.72
37 mm KwK 38(t) L/47.83
Secondary  
MG 2: MGs2
2: 7.92 mm MG37(t)3
MG - coaxial  
MG - hull  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 42 Pzgr & Sprgr3, 902
Secondary  
MG 2,4003
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 507
Hull Front, Upper 502,
25+25@17°3
Hull Front, Lower 25+25@16°3
Hull Sides, Upper 15-302,
15+15@0°3
Hull Sides, Lower 15@0°3
Hull Rear 152,
10@60°3 & 15@12°3
Hull Top 122,
8@90°3
Hull Bottom 82,
8@90°3
Turret Front 502, 25+25@10°3
Mantlet: 25 round3
Turret Sides 302, 30@10°3
Turret Rear 222, 22@10°3
Turret Top 12215@90°3
Engine (Make / Model) Praga EPA3,9
TNHPS2
Cylinders 69
Net HP 125@2,200 rpm9
Transmission 5 forward, 1 reverse.2,3
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity 220 liters2
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand.3
Speed - Road 42 kph2,3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 km2,3
Cross country: 160 km2
Turning Radius 8.7 m2
Elevation Limits -10° to +25°3
Fording depth 0.8 m2
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 42
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 293 mm2
Track centers/tread  
  PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf G
Crew 42,3
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 21,715 lb
9.85 tons2,3
Length 15' 1", 14' 11"
4.9 m, 4.61 m2,3
Height 2.25 m2, 2.4 m3
Width 2.14 m2,3
Ground clearance 0.4 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.57 (kg/cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 37 mm L/48.72
37 mm KwK 38(t) L/47.83
Secondary  
MG 2: MGs2
2: 7.92 mm MG37(t)3
MG - coaxial  
MG - hull  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 902
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 507
Hull Front, Upper 502
50@17°3
Hull Front, Lower 50@16°3
Hull Sides, Upper 15-302
15+15@0°3
Hull Sides, Lower 15@0°3
Hull Rear 152,
103 & 15@12°3
Hull Top 122,
8@90°3
Hull Bottom 82,
8@90°3
Turret Front 502
50@10°3
Mantlet: 25 round3
Turret Sides 302
30@10°3
Turret Rear 222
22@10°3
Turret Top 122
15@90°3
Engine (Make / Model) Praga EPA3,9
TNHPS2
Cylinders 69
Net HP 125@2,200 rpm9
Transmission 5 forward, 1 reverse.2,3
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity 220 liters2
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand.3
Speed - Road 42 kph2,3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 km2,3
Cross country: 160 km2
Turning Radius 8.7 m2
Elevation Limits -10° to +25°3
Fording depth 0.8 m2
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 42
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 293 mm2
Track centers/tread  
  PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf H
Crew  
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 9.7 tons5
Length  
Height  
Width  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
MG - coaxial  
MG - hull  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) epa/AC Model IV5,9
Cylinders 65,9
Net HP 150@2,600 rpm5,9
Transmission  
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road  
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  
  PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf S
Crew 42,3
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 20,944 lb
9.5 tons3, 9.7 tons2
Length 15' 1", 14' 11"
4.9 m, 4.61 m2,3
Height 2.25 m2, 2.4 m3
Width 2.14 m2,3
Ground clearance 0.4 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.57 (kg/cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 37 mm L/48.72
37 mm KwK 38(t) L/47.83
Secondary  
MG 2: MGs2
2: 7.92 mm MG37(t)3
MG - coaxial  
MG - hull  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 902
Secondary  
MG 2,7002
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 252, 25@17°3
Hull Front, Lower 25@16°3
Hull Sides, Upper 152, 15@0°3
Hull Sides, Lower 15@0°3
Hull Rear 152, 10@60°3 & 15@12°3
Hull Top 102, 8@90°3
Hull Bottom 82, 8@90°3
Turret Front 252, 25@10°3
Mantlet: 25 round3
Turret Sides 152, 15@10°3
Turret Rear 152, 15@10°3
Turret Top 82, 10@90°3
Engine (Make / Model) Praga EPA3
TNHPS2
Cylinders  
Net HP  
Transmission 5 forward, 1 reverse.2,3
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity 220 liters2
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand.3
Speed - Road 42 kph2,3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 km2,3
Cross country: 160 km2
Turning Radius 8.7 m2
Elevation Limits -10° to +25°3
Fording depth 0.8 m2
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 42
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 293 mm2
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1933-1942, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996
  3. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  4. German Tanks of World War II, Dr. S. Hart & Dr. R. Hart, 1998
  5. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  6. Tanks - Over 250 of the World's Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles, Chris Chant, 2004
  7. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  8. German Tanks and Armoured Vehicles 1914 - 1945, B. T. White, 1966
  9. Profile AFV Weapons #22 Panzerkampfwagen 38(t) & 35(t), John Milsom, 1970
  10. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
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