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Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter, Zerstörer (destroyer)
Messerschmitt Bf 110, Me 110

Photos

Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Bundesarchiv

Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Bundesarchiv

Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Bundesarchiv
Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Bundesarchiv

Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Bundesarchiv

Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Bundesarchiv
Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Messerschmitt Bf 110 Jaguar bomber:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 Jaguar bomber
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Messerschmitt Bf 110 Jaguar bomber:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 Jaguar bomber
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter over Budapest:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Bundesarchiv

Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter and a Italian Fiat G.50:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Bundesarchiv
Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter
Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter:
Germany's Messerschmitt Bf 110 fighter

Design

The design for the Messerschmitt Bf 110 started in 1934.2,4,5 The specifications from the Luftwaffe called for a long range fighter.4

Initially the Bf 110 was to be a heavy fighter, but it was a failure in that role.4 The Bf 110 was to be a bomber escort as it would sacrifice speed for firepower and range.3

Fuselage

The fuselage of the Messerschmitt Bf 110 was all metal with a stressed skin cover.1

Tail

The tail planes incidence could be varied.1

To offer a better field of fire for the rear gunner a double rudder design was encorporated.4

Extra Fuel

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 could have a belly tank (dachshund belly) installed with additional fuel.1 It was however disliked by the crews as it was vulnerable.1

Engines

The Bf 110 was supposed to have Daimler-Benz DB600 engines but due to shortages the less powerful Junkers Jumo 210 was used.3

Prototype

The prototype Messerschmitt Bf 110V1 first flew on May 12, 1936.1,2,3,4,5 It had the Daimler-Benz DB 600 engine which wasn't very reliable.1

Production

Production of the Bf 110 didn't end until February 19453 / March 1945.1,3

The Bf 110A-0 first flew in January 1938.3

  • Messerschmitt Bf 110A-0:
    • Production: 1937 - 1938.2
  • Messerschmitt Bf 110B: 453
    • Production: 1938 - ?2
  • Messerschmitt Bf 110C-0: 103
  • Total: 6,0501,3,4
    • 1939: 3154
    • 1942: 5803
    • 1943: 1,5803
    • 1944: 1,5253
    • 1945: 454
    • Manufacturer: Messerschmitt A.G.4

Variants

Usage

Entered service in 1938.1

Invasions of Poland and France

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 had a great deal of success in Poland and France.1

Bf 110 intercepted 22 Royal Air Force Wellingtons and shot down nine of them.1

Rudolph Hess' Flight

In his flight to England in 1941 Rudolph Hess flew a Messerschmitt Bf 110.1

Battle of Britain

There were over 200 Bf 110 loses in the Battle of Britain.3

Night Fighters

By the middle of 1943 Bf 110 made up about 60% of the Luftwaffe's night fighters.3

Specifications

  Messerschmitt Bf 110
Type Fighter6
Crew  
Engine (Type) 2: Mercedes-Benz DB 6016
Cylinders  
Cooling Liquid6
HP 1,150 each6
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 55'6
Length 35'6
Height 10' 9"6
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 14,700 lb6
Maximum load  
Performance  
Speed 365 mph6
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range 1,700 miles6
Armament  
Nose 2: cannons6
4: MG6
Cockpit rear 1: MG6
  Messerschmitt Bf 110 Jaguar
Type Bomber6
Crew  
Engine (Type) 2: Mercedes-Benz DB 6016
Cylinders  
Cooling Liquid6
HP 1,150 each6
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 55'6
Length 35'6
Height 10' 9"6
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 14,700 lb6
Maximum load  
Performance  
Speed 320 mph6
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range 1,700 miles6
Armament  
Nose 3: cannons6
2: MG6

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  4. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  5. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  6. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
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