Spanish Civil War
In late 1936 three prototypes were sent to Spain for evaluation. In March 1937 45 more joined the Condor Legion. Initially the Bf 109 B was used, but the Bf 109C was sent in early 1938.
In July 1937 a specially modified Bf 109 set a world record of 379.39 mph at the International Air Show in Zurich.
About 300 of the Bf 109 As - Bf 109 Ds took part in the invasion of Poland. These were soon replaced by the Bf 109 E and were used as trainers.
The Royal Air Force used captured Bf 109s in mock combats with Hurricanes and Spitfires.
Used by Germany, Hungary, Spain, and Switzerland.
Used by Bulgaria (19), Croatia, Germany, Romania (69), Slovakia (14), Spain (20), Switzerland (80), and Yugoslavia (73).
Early models of the Me 109E were shipped to Spain towards the end of 1938.
Invasion of Poland
2/3s of the 1,000 Bf 109s in service at the time of the Polish invasion were Emils.
France captured a Me 109E, but it was lost in a collision with a Hawk 75A.
Me 109E-4 Pilot Escapes
Pilot Franz von Werra was the only German to escape a western Allied prison camp and get back to Germany.
The first Bf 109 F entered service in January 1941. The F-2 followed, and then the F-3 entered service in 1942.
Around 2/3s of the fighter strength that was used in the invasion of Russia was Bf 109 Fs. These were also used in North Africa.
Used in Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Spain.
It was used by Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Germany, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, and Switzerland in World War II.
Used by Germany in France starting in early 1944.
Used by Germany and Italy.