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Germany's Heinkel He 100 / He 100D fighter

Photos

Heinkel He 113 fighter. :
Germany's Heinkel He 113 fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Heinkel He 113 fighter:
Germany's Heinkel He 113 fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Heinkel He 100D fighter:
Germany's Heinkel He 100D fighter

Design

The Heinkel He 100 was designed for the Luftwaffe but they wanted Heinkel to concentrate on bombers.2

The He 100 had additional designations.1 For propaganda it was the He 113.1 When it won speed records it was the He 112U.1

Prototype

The He 100V1 first flew on January 22, 1938.1

Production

In September 1939 pre production models were first flown.1

  • Prototype: 101
  • Heinkel He 100D-0: 31
  • Heinkel He 100D-1: 121
  • Total: 251

Variants

  • Heinkel He 100V1: Wings were short.1 There was a surface evaporating system.1
  • Heinkel He 100V2: Vertical tail surface redesigned.1
  • Heinkel He 100V3: Vertical tail surface redesigned.1
  • Heinkel He 100V8: Designed to set world speed record.1 Had special Daimler-Benz DB 601 engine (1,800 HP).1 In March 1939 it flew 463.92 mph / 746.58 kph1
  • Heinkel He 100D0: Pre production.1
  • Heinkel He 113: The designation was used for propaganda as it was the same as the He 100.

Usage

Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union used the He 100D.1

Six of the prototypes were sold to the Soviet Union.1 All of the He 100D-0s were sold to Japan.1 These were to prepare Hitachi to license built the He 100s.1 Hitachi never built them.1

Speed Record

Ernst Udet flew the He 100V3 to a 100 km closed circuit speed record of 394.6 mph / 635 kph in June 1938.1

Propaganda

During 1940 the He 100D was photographed with several different unit designations to try to fool the allies into thinking there were many more He 100Ds than there really was.1

Channel Dash

The He 113s supposedly took part in providing air cover for the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau when they did their English Channel dash.3

Defense

The He 100Ds were used in defense of Heinkel's factory at Rostock-Marienehe.1 These were flown by Heinkel's test pilots.1

Specifications

  Heinkel He 100, He 113
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) Daimler Benz DB 6012
Mercedes-Benz3
Cylinders  
Cooling Liquid3
Net HP 1,0002, 1,2003
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 30' 10"3, 31'2
Length 26' 11"3, 27'2
Height 8' 2"3
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Normal load 5,700 lb3
Performance  
Speed 350 mph3, 420 mph2
Speed at sea level  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament 1: MG3
Nose 1: Cannon3
  Heinkel He 100D
Type Fighter1
Crew 11
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601M1
Cylinders Inverted V 121
Cooling  
Net HP 1,1751
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span 30' 10.75"1
9.41 m1
Length 26' 10.75"1
8.2 m1
Height 8' 3"1
2.51 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Normal load  
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament  
  Heinkel He 100D-1
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type)  
Cylinders  
Cooling  
Net HP  
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 3,990 lb1
1,810 kg1
Normal load 5,512 lb1
2,500 kg1
Performance  
Speed  
Speed at sea level 358 mph1
576 kph1
Speed @ 16,400' /
5,000 m
416 mph1
669 kph1
Cruising speed 345 mph1
555 kph1
Climb 3,280'/minute1
1,000 m/minute1
Climb to 6,560' /
2,000 m
2.2 minutes1
Service ceiling 32,450'1
9,890 m1
Range 628 miles1
1,011 km1
Armament  
Nose 1: 20 mm1
Wings 2: 7.9 mm1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
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