Kurt Tank designed the Ta 152. The Ta 152 was based on the abandoned Fw 190C high altitude fighter.
Starting in 1940 Focke Wulf was working on different versions of the Fw 190. The main problem was finding an engine that would perform better at very high altitudes. Both Daimler Benz and Junkers worked on engine designs, even more urgently starting in 1942 when intelligence of the Boeing B-29 bomber that could fly even higher than the operational Allied bombers of the time. The Air Ministry asked Messerschmitt and Focke Wulf to submit designs. Focke Wulf submitted two designs of Kurt Tank, the Fw 190 Ra-2 and Fw 190 Ra-3 that were based on the Fw 190D.
The cockpit was pressurized for the high altitudes it was intended to fly at. The Ta 152C developmental prototype flew on November 19, 1944. There was an autopilot as the plane was complex and stressful to fly at high altitudes.
There was an air intake on the right side that fed the supercharger.
Used Water methanol (MW 50) injection on take-off to boost the power up to 2,050 hp.
The Ta 152H-1e had the tail wheel fully retracted and stored behind two doors.