World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Junkers Ju 287 jet bomber

Design

The Junkers Ju 287 was the first jet bomber to fly.

Engines

The Junkers Ju 287 had two engines under the wing and two on the sides of the fuselage near the cockpit.

Wings

The wings swept forward 25°.

Prototype

The Junkers Ju 287 prototype first flew on August 16, 1944, by Flugkapitän Siegfried Holzbauer at Brandis. Seventeen test flights were conducted when the project was cancelled until March 1945 when it was started again.

Variants

  • Junkers Ju 287 V1: The fuselage was from a He 177. Used a tail unit from a Ju 388. Main wheels from a Ju 352. Used a nose wheel from a B-24.
  • Junkers Ju 287 V2: Six jets.
  • Junkers Ju 287 V3: Could carry 8,818 lb / 4,000 kg in bombs. Defensive armament was in the tail.

Specifications

  Junkers Ju 287
Type Bomber
Crew 2 - 3
Pilot, Bombardier / Navigator, Radio Operator / Gunner
Engine (Type) 2: Junkers
4: Junkers Jumo 109-004 B-1, Junkers Jumo 0004
OR 6: BMW 003 A-1
OR 4: Heinkel-Hirth 011
Thrust 2,000 lb each
5,500 - 7,000 lb
Dimensions  
Span 66', 67'
20.1 m
Length 60'
18.3 m
Wing area 628 sq ft
58.3 sq m
Weight  
Loaded 47,500 lb
21,565 kg
Performance  
Speed at Sea Level 509 mph
814 kph
Speed at 16,400' /
5,000 m
527 mph
859 kph
Speed 350 mph
Climb to 19,680' /
7,000 m
10.5 minutes
Range with 4,400 lb /
2,000 kg
1,325 miles
2,120 km
Range with 6,600 lb /
3,000 kg bombs
1,175 miles
1,880 km
Range with 8,000 lb /
4,000 kg bombs
985 miles
1,576 km
Armament  
Turret - Tail 2: 13 mm MG 131
Bombs 9,900 lb
4,500 kg
  Junkers Ju 287 V1
Type Heavy Bomber
Engine (Type) 4: Junkers Jumo 109-004B-1
Thrust 1,984 lb
900 kg
Dimensions  
Span 65' 11.75"
20.11 m
Length 60' 0.5"
18.3 m
Wing area 627.3 sq ft
58.3 sq m
Weight  
Empty 27,579 lb
12,510 kg
Maximum load 44,092 lb
20,000 kg
Performance  
Speed at 19,865' /
6,000 m
347 mph
559 kph
Service Ceiling 35,435'
10,800 m
Range 930 miles
1,500 km

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  2. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site