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France's FCM Char 2C, Char 2C, Char 2C (FCM-2C) heavy tank

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Char 2C heavy tank:
France's Char 2C heavy tank
Char 2C heavy tank:
France's Char 2C heavy tank
Char 2C heavy tank:
France's Char 2C heavy tank
Char 2C heavy tank:
France's Char 2C heavy tank
Char 2C heavy tank:
France's Char 2C heavy tank

Design

During 1917 to 1918 the Char 2C was designed to be a "breakthrough tank."5,7 During World War I two heavy tank prototypes were constructed that weighed about 40 tons.4 Additional development proceeded and created a 70 ton tank, the Char 2C.4

The last of 10 Char 2Cs was delivered in 1922.4

The power plant was setup so that one engine drove each track.4

Production

In February 1918 an order for 300 was placed but only 10 were finished.5

  • Char 1A:
    • Production: 1917 - 19187
  • Char 1B:
    • Production: 1917 - 19187
  • Char 2C: 104,5,7
    • Production: 1919 - 19215, ? - 19227

Variants

  • Char 1A: Prototype.7
  • Char 1B: Prototype.7
  • Char 2C / FCM-2C:
  • Char 2C-bis:

Usage

By 1940 there were only eight operational.5 They were being transported by train and were captured or destroyed by air attack.4,7

Specifications

  Char 2C;
Char 2C (FCM-2C)
Crew 121,2,4,5,7
Radio ER535
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 69,000 kg1,4,7
67.9 tons1,4,5,7, 68 tons2,3
Length 33' 8"1,4,5,7, 33.66'2
10.26 m4,5,7, 10.27 m1
Height 13' 1"4,5,7, 13' 1.5"1, 13.17'2
4 m1,4,5,7
Width 9' 8"1,4,5,7, 9.66'2
2.95 m1,4,5,7
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure (psi)  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 75 mm1,2,4,5
1: 75mm / 2.95"7
Secondary  
MG 4: 8 mm MGs4
4: 8 mm / 0.315" Hotchkiss MG7
MG - hull 1: 8 mm MG2
1: 8 mm Hotchkiss MG5
MG - hull side 2: 8 mm MG2
2: 8 mm Hotchkiss MG5
MG - rear turret 1: 8 mm MG2
1: 8mm Hotchkiss MG5
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 451,2,4,7
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) 2: Daimler1,4,7
2: Mercedes2
OR 2: Maybach1,4,5,7
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water2
Cylinders 61,2,4,5,7
Capacity  
Net HP 5201,4,7, 2: 1802, 2: 2505
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline1,2,5,7
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 7.45 mph1, 7.5 mph4,5,7
12 kph4,5,7
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 62 miles5, 62.1 miles1,4,7
100 km4,5,7
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  
  Char 2C-bis
Crew  
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight  
Length  
Height  
Width  
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure (psi)  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 155 mm2
Secondary  
MG 4: 8 mm MG2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) 2: Sautter-Harlé2
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP 2: 2502
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline2
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road  
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  
  Char 3C
Crew 136
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 74 tons6
Length 12 m6
Height 4.04 m6
Width 2.92 m6
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.45 m6
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure (psi)  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 155 mm6
Secondary 1: 75 mm6
MG 6: MG6
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 30 - 506
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model)  
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP 1,9806
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 13 kph6
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 150 kph6
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 2 m6
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability 45°6
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  3. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  4. The Illustrated Guide to Tanks of the World, George Forty, 2006
  5. Western Allied Tanks 1939-45, David Porter, 2009
  6. Atlas of Tank Warfare From 1916 to the Present Day, Dr. Stephen Hart, 2012
  7. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site

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