9 October 2015, Great Britain's Illustrious class, HMS Indomitable, and Implacable class fleet aircraft carriers
There were six ships in the Illustrious / Implacable class. Their armored flight decks helped them ward off kamikaze attacks in the Pacific.
HMS Indomitable fleet aircraft carrier astern HMS Victorious during Operation Pedestal in August 1942:
Imperial War Museum A-11295
9 October 2015, Great Britain's HMS Ark Royal fleet aircraft carrier
The Ark Royal was the first large British carrier designed from the start to be a carrier. The Ark Royal was instrumental in sinking the Bismarck.
HMS Ark Royal fleet aircraft carrier with Swordfish flying over in 1939:
National Archives NH-85716
9 October 2015, Great Britain's Courageous class fleet aircraft carriers
The Courageous class were originally battle cruisers, but with the Washington Navy Treaty of 1922 they were converted into aircraft carriers. They were both lost early in World War II.
HMS Glorious fleet aircraft carrier:
Imperial War Museum Q 65694
4 October 2015, Great Britain's HMS Eagle fleet aircraft carrier
The HMS Eagle was converted from a Chilean battleship that was being built. She was sunk taking aircraft to Malta.
HMS Eagle fleet aircraft carrier in the 1930s:
US Navy photo
4 October 2015, Great Britain's HMS Hermes fleet aircraft carrier
The HMS Hermes was the first British ship designed as a carrier from the start. Her superstructure did cause trim problems which resulted in flooding of some compartments to compensate.
HMS Hermes fleet aircraft carrier at Chefoo, China in 1931:
US Navy photo
4 October 2015, Great Britain's HMS Vindictive aircraft carrier
The HMS Vindictive was converted from a cruiser and had a deck forward and aft. However it didn't see much use and was converted back into a cruiser.
Imperial War Museum, SP-669
4 October 2015, Great Britain's HMS Argus aircraft carrier
The Argus started out being built as an Italian merchant ship, but when World War I started construction halted. It was then decided to make the ship into a carrier. Initially it was to have a forward deck for take offs, and a rear deck for landing. Before the Argus was to be launched it was decided to make the flight deck the full length of the ship. During World War II it did participate in some front line action but by mid-war it was mostly used for training and then accommodations.
HMS Argus aircraft carrier in late 1920s:
National Archives H 63028
3 October 2015, Great Britain's HMS Furious fleet aircraft carrier
The Furious started out to be a cruiser that was to be armed with two 18" guns which would support amphibious attacks on Germany. However, after being initially converted into a seaplane tender, the Furious did get a complement of aircraft that eventually were used on a raid against Zeppelin hangers in World War I. Further conversions eventually led to becoming a full flight deck aircraft carrier. The Furious did see some front line combat but by September 1944 was put into reserve.
HMS Furious fleet aircraft carrier in the mid 1930s with Blackburn Baffin torpedo planes flying overhead:
National Archives 85717
3 October 2015, Germany's Seydlitz light aircraft carrier
The uncompleted cruiser Seydlitz was to be converted into an aircraft carrier. Work was stopped in early 1943.
2 October 2015, Germany's Graf Zeppelin aircraft carrier
The Germans having no experience with designing aircraft carrier embarked on their first attempt with the Graf Zeppelin.
It borrowed many design features of the British carriers of the time. It had potential of being a good carrier, but it was never finished.
Graf Zeppelin aircraft carrier after launching in December 1938:
US Navy photo
2 October 2015, France's Joffre Class aircraft carrier
The next French carriers that were to be built with the 2 - 3 ships in the Joffre class. Work was started but when Germany invaded France all work was stopped.
2 October 2015, France's Béarn aircraft carrier
During World War I there were four Normandie class battleships that were ordered for construction. Other priorities prevented them from being completed and after the Washington Treaty of 1922 was signed the Normandie was converted into the aircraft carrier Béarn.
Aircraft carrier Béarn:
Imperial War Museum Q-48219
20 September 2015, United States' Cleveland Class Cruisers
The Cleveland class were the most numerous of the light cruisers built by the United States.
CL-55 USS Cleveland during Captain's inspection on March 28, 1944:
US Navy Photo, NH-98058
7 September 2015, United States' Atlanta Class Cruisers
The Atlanta class were anti-aircraft cruisers.
CL-51 USS Atlanta in 1941:
US Navy Photo, NH-57453
6 September 2015, United States' Brooklyn Class Cruisers
The Brooklyn class was built under the restrictions of the London Navy Treaty.
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard on March 6, 1942:
US Navy Photo, 19-N-28229
29 August 2015, United States' Des Moines Class Cruisers
The Des Moines class were an improved Oregon City class that weren't finished until after World War II.
23 August 2015, United States' Baltimore Class Cruisers
The Baltimore class cruisers were improved Wichita class.
CA-68 USS Baltimore at the Boston Navy Yard on September 10, 1943:
US Navy Photo, NH-91452
21 August 2015, United States' Wichita Class Cruisers
The USS Wichita was to be a heavy cruiser based on the Brooklyn class.
CA-45 USS Wichita with the USS Wasp:
US Navy Photo, NH-97884
15 August 2015, United States' New Orleans Class Cruisers
The New Orleans class was a better protected Northampton class cruise.
CA-36 USS Minneapolis at Pearl Harbor after repairs in April 1943:
US Navy Photo, 80-GK-541